Learning how to draw landscapes following these basic steps will give you confidence when confronted with a beautiful scene.

Here you divide your rectangle into thirds, both vertical and horizontal where they meet or crossover is the ideal spot in your drawing for your focal point. See the drawing below left (the rule of thirds).

How To Draw Landscapes In Simple and Easy Steps For The Absolute Beginner

To become competent in drawing, any landscape you see before you—or in your imagination—a little practice and patience will make a huge difference.  Get out your ring-binder sketchbook and start drawing. Then put a date on them so you can see how you are developing your drawings!

A simple landscape with balance – in black and white drawn with pen

More landscapes are drawn (or painted) with the horizontal rectangle as it lends itself to landscape scenes. Most landscapes are horizontal and people are vertical—hence the format term “portrait or landscape.”

Then put a date on them so you can see how you are developing your drawings!

These are the basics of good space divisions. See image below for “The rule of Thirds” but not the one on the left!

There are ten values in all that make a clear definition between each one on the value scale. Below are the three you should use in your thumbnail sketch. The gray should be exactly between the white and the black.

You can direct the attention of any viewer to a focal point or particular place in your drawing. In the image below, your eye will automatically go to the spot in the bottom right corner. In the next image we have five focal points but your eye ends up on the largest spot. The same for the third image where your eye is led in to rest on the largest focal point again. This is guiding your viewer to where YOU want it to go.

This is essential for all drawings and paintings, not only landscapes.

Step Four: You Drawing Must Have BalanceThis is one of the main parts in creating a pleasant composition. Your drawing will lack balance if all your points of interest (focal points) are all cluttered on one side of your drawing.

On this page we have talked about these basic steps in Landscape drawing. These few points below are easy to remember and once you know them well, all the guidelines can be dumped in the trash can—for you no longer need them, you make your own rules on how to draw landscapes!

The most important thing to do as a first step is a thumbnail sketch to ceate a rough guide for your finished drawing. Why? To ensure you have a good balance between the foreground, background and the horizon line. Getting a good composition here will save you heartaches down the line.

Your picture can be any size or shape you desire—from square, rounds, oval, vertical oblong or even round. Start off with the rectangle first with your thumbnail pencil sketches which is the basic “rough plan” of how your drawing or painting guidelines. 

The Drawing-Pencil-Sketches website is very well put-together. The pencil sketch at the top of the page catches your eye right away and makes you interested in reading and learning more about what it is about and is very well organized and easy to find your way around the site.

You can of course have a “static” balance with the same size object on both sides of your drawing—or an object placed right in the middle. And both lead to a rather boring composition as in the illustration below.

This is the biggest mistake beginners make, so make your horizon line one third the distance from the bottom or from the top.

It makes you feel confident that you really could learn to draw and sketch. Drawing pencil sketches is very detailed and provides great advice on learning how to draw just about anything!.

If your horizon line is exactly half way with sky and foreground, your drawing will be quite boring and “static.” So do not place anything dead center.

To become competent in drawing, any landscape you see before you—or in your imagination—a little practice and patience will make a huge difference.  Get out your ring-binder sketchbook and start drawing.

When sketching your thumbnail which will eventually become your finished drawing, you must vary your values (the lightness or darkness of a color) to create areas of interest. Use only three values in your thumbnail sketch—white, medium gray and black.

The standard shape for drawing a landscape is a rectangle sometimes called a “picture plane.” In other words it is longer in the width and shorter in the height.

Create Focal Points in Your Landscapes: Use The Rule of Thirds in all your landscape drawings.

Creating Balance in your thumbnails – the following images are important which most artists ignore!

Step Three: Deciding on Your Focal PointWhere or what will you place your center point of interest? There is a golden rule when composing your drawing or painting; never make any two intervals identical—or the same distance apart, or the same size. This is why you use the “Rule of thirds.”

Your landscape drawings must have a focal point. This is a small area in your drawing where your eyes tend to focus on – or where they come to “rest” All drawings—to be interesting—must have one or more so you “guide” your viewers eyes like a path through your drawing.

how-to-draw-landscapes | drawing of beach and sea with palm trees.

How to draw landscapes will be simple if you follow along with these easy steps.

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