Drawing A Face In Proportion


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Proportions of the head illus 3

Drawing A Face In Proportion

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Drawing A Face In Proportion.


Learn to draw unique faces by experimenting with various eye shapes, eyebrow angles, nose lengths/widths, etc… Grab a piece of paper and draw as many faces as possible!

No Ruler Method: Without the ruler, I draw lines in this order: CENTER LINE, 2, 3, B, A, C (B is included because it’s easier to break the forehead section in half first, especially when you’re drawing freehand). This is the method I use to draw heads all the time.

If you’re not already a member, and you want to take a sneak peek at what’s inside, here’s a link to get a free video and ebook from this course…

If so, please join over 36,000 people who receive tutorials and articles. PLUS get 3 FREE COURSE VIDEOS and EBOOKS!  Just click on the button below to add your name!Yes, I’m In

In the following video, we’ll take a look at an adapted approach to drawing a head using Loomis’ configuration. This is a simplified version of his method as outlined in his book .

Modules 21 – 26 are devoted to drawing faces and include an in-depth look at each of the facial features.

Through this fun exercise, you will be able to draw faces faster with little effort, identify proportional errors when you revisit old drawings, identify what makes certain faces look more realistic than others, be able to draw cartoons, caricatures and more.

To make it easy to digest, I split the tutorial up into 3 parts: How to draw a face from the front, side and 3/4 view. This is part 1 of 3. I came up with the original methods in these 3 tutorials by measuring over a dozen adult faces, so each tutorial carries over the same measuring techniques. Drawing faces should be easy as pie after you get the proportions down.

The length of the face is determined by the distance from the brow line to the nose line. This distance is extended down from the nose line to find the location of the chin (yellow). So, the distance from the brow line to the nose line is the same distance from the nose line to the chin. The jaw connects to the head at the center intersection of the square or the ellipse – depending on the view.

There are many formulas that one can adapt to draw the facial features in the correct location. There’s a simple approach – one that I first learned and is great for beginners. Then there is the more complex approach using illustrator, Andrew Loomis’ guidelines.

This beginners’ step by step tutorial is for a basic male face. The proportions are different for females.

Here’s an older video that outlines this simpler approach…

If you know the person, the pressure to produce accuracy can be daunting. But every artist, no matter what their skill level, should take heart. Even the most experienced and well-known portrait artists are presented with challenges. Consider these two quotes from one of the best portrait painters of all time, John Singer Sargent…“Every time I paint a portrait, I lose a friend.”“A portrait is a painting in which something is wrong with the mouth.”

Then we can draw the upper and lower lips, knowing that the mouth is in the right spot (Step 9).

The following video demonstrates how to draw the face in profile or from the side (this is also an older video, but still helpful)…

Before addressing the hair, we’ll add a neck. The neck extends down from the bottom of the ears. For females, this lines extends inward a bit – resulting in a smaller neck. For males, this line still comes in a bit, but to a lesser degree. It’s nearly straight down from the bottom of the ears (Step 12).

I bet that most of us can relate to both of these quotes. We’ve all felt the pressure when drawing or painting a portrait to make it look exactly like our subject. Especially when that subject is a friend.

For some of us, the pressure is so great, we avoid portraits all together.It’s often hard to pinpoint a problem in a portrait. We can see that something isn’t quite right, but finding the solution or the fix can really throw some of us.

Often it’s a combination of issues that lead to a “less than perfect” portrait. Maybe something “is wrong with the mouth”.Even though representational portrait drawing is reliant on good observation and accurate mark-making, we can still follow a simple procedure that will lead to better results in our attempts.

Steps to Drawing a Face Using a Simple Approach

The shape of the hair is added next. In most cases, the hair extends off from the top of the cranium and may overlap portions of the forehead (Step 13).

The Loomis method can be applied to drawing a head from observation as well, but some find it a bit cumbersome. Luckily, there is a simpler approach. This formula should be used to help you see and compare. In each stage of the formula, analyze each feature and draw what you see. The result will be a representational portrait of the person you are drawing with all of the features in the right place.

We’ll first discuss Loomis’ approach, which is more complex, but more accurate. If you find that this approach is a bit difficult for you, you can skip to the simpler approach further down the page. Remember, either way, the goal is to create a convincing head so either approach you take is fine.

I hope you guys enjoyed this tutorial on how to draw a face for beginners and found it easy to follow. If you have any questions or requests, leave it in the comments below and I’ll get back to you as soon as I can.

When drawing faces, use these standards to help you get your facial proportions correct. Remember, you must look and study your subject. While these standards apply to most of us, they do not apply to all of us.

The ears begin on the eye line and extend up to the brow line and connect back to the head on the nose line. They are aligned with the center vertical line (blue) drawn in the second step.

For more on the Loomis method for drawing heads, check out Module 4 from the “Portrait Drawing The Smart Way” course or you can check out his book here .

Once we know the width of the nose, we can draw it in place (Step 7).

Once we know the width of the eyes are accurate, we can draw them in the proper location (Step 5).

Now for the ears. We’ll extend the eye line out to determine the location where the top portion of the ears meet the head. They extend upward a bit and line up with the brow line. The bottom of the ears conveniently align with the nose line (Step 10).

Super SIMPLE Method: If it’s still a little confusing, check out my simple method here. It’s also paired with a video so you can see how I do it!

Once we have the ears in place, we can add the eye brows. We’ll use the tops of the ears to make comparisons. For most people, the brow line aligns with the tops of the ears (Step 11).

Here’s a quick review of the general locations of the facial features…

There are 2 ways to do this step: Ruler or no ruler. I highly recommend using the ruler method for the first couple of faces you draw. Why? Because doing this step without it can throw your proportions off like crazy. Especially if you have trouble locating the ‘center’ of an object with your eyes. The no ruler method requires you to split multiple sections of the face in half and then in half again.

The “eye” line is in the middle of the face.  (Your eyes aren’t way up on your forehead, so resist the temptation to put them there.) A line is drawn to represent the eye line (Step 3).

HB Pencil Ruler Sakura Electronic Eraser Kneaded Eraser Canson Recycled Sketch Paper

Click the following link and hit the download button beside the printer icon to download the PDF: RapidFireArt Tutorials – How to Draw a Face in 8 Steps

Next, we’ll concentrate on the eyes. To find the overall width of the eyes, draw five oval shapes across the eye line. Most faces are about “five eyes” wide. Obviously, people only have two eyes.  The “five eyes” just help to determine the width of the eyes (Step 4).

Click here for my in-depth tutorial on how to draw eyebrows!

Now, we’ll determine the width of the nose. For most people, the width of the nose will align with the inside corners of the eyes. We can simply draw two lines down from the inside corners of the eyes to the nose line to find the relative width of the nose (Step 6).

The Center Line and Line 2 mark the general boundaries for each ear.

Each module takes a look at drawing the face from both the side view and the frontal view.

If you’re wanting to learn even more on drawing faces with HD video and ebooks, be sure to check out the modules that are part of “The Secrets to Drawing Video Course” 

Here’s a look at a face and head drawn from imagination using the Loomis approach combined with a simpler approach which we discuss a little further down this page. All of the relationships and proportions are identified with the guidelines discussed.

The planes of the face change direction in space. These changes in direction produce different values depending on the location and strength of the light source. In most cases, the light source will originate from above. This produces areas of darker tone in locations that recede and lighter ones in locations that protrude.

The mouth line is found approximately one-third of the way down in between the nose line and the bottom of the chin. A line is loosely drawn for its location (Step 3).

If you have an electric eraser, use it to quickly get rid of all the guidelines that run through your drawing. You can clean up certain dark spots or tight spaces with a kneaded eraser.

If you love RapidFireArt tutorials and want to support what I do, check out my Patreon page where you can support RFA and earn cool rewards at the same time!

Andrew Loomis is revered for his step by step approach to drawing heads. His approach divides the head into manageable geometric shapes. Each feature on the face has a specific location relative to the geometric configuration set up in the early stages of the drawing process. Because this method is so accurate, it’s great to use for drawing a head from imagination.

Ruler Method: Make a ruler beside your drawing that is the same height. The ruler should be marked so there are 8 equal spaces. Always start with the center line. Draw faint lines through the face on the markings labelled CENTER LINE, 2, 3, A, and C. As you get used to this, you won’t need to draw the ruler on the side.

Take a look at the different faces I made below using rough measurements!

Finally, we’ll add the mouth line. The mouth line fits nicely between the nose line and the bottom of the chin.

First, we will need to determine where on the face to put the eyes.  This is easy because the eyes are in the middle of the head.  Draw a line in the middle of your first shape for the “eye line”. 

Drawing a portrait is very much like drawing any other subject matter. You have to closely observe the subject in order to draw it accurately. Of course portrait drawing is especially delicate because the goal is to make the portrait resemble the subject closely.

Resources for Drawing Facial Features… How to Draw an Eye How to Draw a Nose How to Draw a Mouth How to Draw Ears How to Draw Hair

This means that recesses around the eyes, under the nose, bottom lip, and chin are mostly shaded with darker values. Areas that protrude, such as the nose, cheek bones, chin, and lower lip consist mostly of lighter values.

Draw a vertical line down the center of each eye. This will mark the lips’ outer boundary. Click here for my lips tutorial. If you’ve already read it, place your triangle in the small box under the nose to start. If you drew the nose well above line 2, extend the triangle so the tip touches the nose.

Draw the upper hairline somewhere in between line A and B. It’s up to you how large you want the forehead to be. To draw a receding hairline, go above line A. When you’re drawing a man’s face, bring in hair from the sides of the head to create a solid and visible looking hairline.

Using this simpler approach, the first step is to draw a circle to represent the cranium. Next, a line can be drawn to determine the length of the face (Step 1). For most faces, this line should be approximately double the length of the original circle. Next, lines are drawn from the bottom of that line to the edges of the circle creating the shape of the face (Step 2). From here, we can locate the positions of the facial features.

Now, we can figure the width of the mouth. This measurement varies from person to person, but for most folks, the width of the mouth aligns with the inside portions of the iris or the pupil. So, we’ll simply draw a line straight down from this location to the mouth line to find the corners of the mouth. We’ll draw a line here to indicate where the upper lip meets the bottom lip (Step 8).

On the face, mark the center line with 4 ticks spread equally apart. The eyes will sit roughly on this line. Don’t be afraid to move slightly above or below the line, since eyes are usually slanted. If you want to draw more mysterious manly eyes, click here.

The “nose” line is found in the middle of the “eye” line and the bottom of the chin.  When it comes to facial proportion, most noses will end at this line (Step 3). However, there are exceptions to every rule.  Some people have really long noses and some have really short ones.

Learn How to Draw a Realistic Face Step 1: Start with a circle

A side view pose follows the same steps as the front view, so the drawing may begin with a simple circle.  This circle will represent the cranium.  Next, a curved line may be drawn down the side of the circle.  This curved line will “hold” the features of the face.  The chin can be completed by connecting the line with one edge of the circle.

Lastly, shading is added to develop the illusion of form (Step 14).

Many people make mistakes when drawing faces because they don’t fully understand facial proportions.  Proportion refers to the relationship in size and placement between one object and another. 

Next, you’ll need to observe your subject. You’ll need to observe the lines, shapes, and values that exist on your subject.  Use your guidelines for the features, but pay close attention to what information exists on your subject.  It will take practice to perfect this skill.

Note: Remember to use a blunt HB pencil for these steps. I used a 4B so you can clearly see what I’m doing. Remember, the darker you go and the harder you press, the more difficult it will be to erase your under-layers/guidelines.

Portrait drawing is an important skill for any artist to know how to do.  Drawing the face from the front view is one thing, but drawing the face from the side – or in profile view, is slightly different.  One thing that is important in both types of drawing is understanding the proportions of a human face.

The eyes are found in the middle of the head The corners of the inside of the eyes generally line up with the edges of the nose. The “mouth” line is about one-third below the “nose” line and the bottom of the chin.

This line represents where the top lip meets the bottom lip. The inside portions of the pupils or the iris generally line up with the corners of the mouth. The ears are usually found between the “eye” line and the “nose” line, but extend up to the brow line.

Many RFA readers have requested me to write a tutorial on how to draw faces, so here it is!

Extend the 2 lines where the inner corners of each eye are located. These guidelines will determine the nose’s width. Now that we have a box, it’s time to draw the nose. Click here to see my nose tutorial! Start with a circle, resting it anywhere between line 1 and 2. You can give your male character a more chiseled appearance by drawing the nose using very angular shapes.

How to Draw a Head From Imagination – Andrew Loomis Approach

Home Learn How to Draw Learn how to draw a face in 8 easy steps: Beginners

Using Loomis’ approach, the head is divided by geometric configurations. A circle is drawn first (indicated in red in the image below) and then divided evenly with a vertical and horizontal line (blue). The edges of the face, the brow line, and the nose line are all defined by drawing a square (orange). An ellipse is drawn instead of a square from any other view other than the frontal or profile views.

The form of the face is developed though the use of value and tone. The relationships of specific values inform the viewer of the location and strength of the light source. It is ultimately the behavior of light on the head which creates the illusion of form.

To better understand how light behaves, we can consider the planes of the head and face. By breaking the face down into simple planes, we can better comprehend how light behaves.

Extend the nose’s bridge past the eyelids to define the brow bone (this step is optional). These lines should be very light! Using a 4B pencil, draw the eyebrows along the brow bone. Facial features that can accentuate masculinity are thick bushy eyebrows!

Next, we’ll determine the location of the nose.  Again this is easy because the bottom of the nose will exist on a line exactly in the middle of the eye line and the bottom of the chin.

As always, you don’t need to stick to the exact guidelines above. Learn how to draw heads using the basic guidelines and then mix and match facial features and face proportions.

Draw a large circle and make a horizontal line below it for the chin. Then sketch the jawline. Draw a vertical line down the center of the face and make sure both sides of the face are symmetrical.



Utilize the right eraser, There happen to be a few various kinds of eraser, and each is best suited to various things. You`ll definitely need a kneaded eraser. This has a new putty-like consistency (it`s occasionally known as putty eraser), and you knead this before and after make use of . A kneaded eraser is definitely best for lightly selecting up the coloured pad binding off the document . This works wonders if correcting mistakes, or in the event that you`re deliberately lifting shade from an area like the eyes, says Healy. Some sort of gum eraser has a new more solid consistency, plus is better if you`re trying to fully clear off a coloured-in area. Vonseiten Reuden continues: I firmly believe in letting instinct take over in the particular creation process so My partner and i work with the underdrawing more as a guide . This implies the final effect varies.

Create cloth , Fabric can range coming from sleek and shiny in order to matte and dull. Precisely how you shade it may help sell the concept of the material you`re striving to depict. With this drawing , von Reuden is attempting in order to capture the golden folds up of material found inside the original image. This individual began by outlining typically the shapes and blocking out there aspects of shadow.

Try combining pencils along with watercolour, While pencils in their own may be used to make a wealth of distinct effects, it can become interesting to combine these other media. For instance , in her work, Healy wants to combine watercolour plus coloured pencils. It`s significant to get started with watercolour and even then layer coloured pencils on top, she describes , because pencils can generate a waxy surface that will repels liquid, and stops the watercolour from putting into the paper. This kind of is a fun approach to try out, the girl says. Both mediums have got unique qualities and designs . Combining the two components provides an impressive medium all involving its own.

Touch up your skills with these types of pencil drawing techniques, regarding both graphite and female pencils. These pencil attracting techniques from top performers will allow you to take your getting skills one stage more , whether you`re using graphite pencil or coloured pencils. For many artists, pen drawing is the ability that introduced them in order to the art world, and even even if you`ve advanced to a different method , understanding how to attract with a pencil may help you transform your expertise elsewhere. These pencil pulling techniques cover from typically the basics of mark-making to be able to advanced processes to drive you out of the comfort zone. We`ll present advice on the equipment and materials you want to know, such while blending stumps, paper alternatives , and different erasers. In case you`re a total novice , or just want to be able to upgrade your kit, acquire a look at our own guide to the most effective pencils.

Check and recheck, Before you begin more powerful lines and detail do the job , it`s essential to ensure you have the correct type down. Chiu`s advice will be to check and examine again. Need to nail along my drawing`s underpinnings ahead of I can add particulars . I really avoid estimating in the details: I would like to make sure every thing is symmetrical and seem right before writing better and harder lines. This individual also suggests taking a look at your own work in a looking glass or through a digital camera . Considering different vantage items is a great solution to highlight if anything is usually crooked. I constantly inquire myself, does this think right? If anything appears off - even in the event that I can`t immediately place my finger of what that is #NAME? rely on my gut and troubleshoot my drawing before carrying on

Safeguard your paper, This is definitely a valuable pencil pulling technique for beginners: set a piece of document under me to steer clear of smudging your drawing when you`re working. It seems like clear , but it can become the downfall of the great piece of function ! Healy also prefers to be able to mount her paper in a board, attaching that using a layer regarding matte medium. This will help keep things neat, plus provides an excellent surface in order to work.

Find the right document texture, The surface feel you`re working on will certainly make a big distinction for the effects you could create. This is certainly referred in order to as the grain or perhaps `tooth` of the document . A rough tooth is definitely more visible, and typically the ridges will grip typically the colour from your pencils. Having a smooth tooth, typically the ridges are very great , and there`s less grasp . Healy finds this type of paper provides a good easier surface for blending together coloured pencils, although the girl warns that it`s likewise easy to operate the coloring off the surface.

Short on time? This above, from character developer Bobby Chiu, runs by means of some pencil drawing linked with action. For even more in-depth how you can composition to be able to how to capture light source and shadow, have a look at each of our art techniques article. Or perhaps , for inspiration, have a look at this kind of roundup of unbelievably reasonable pencil drawings.

Try out different approaches to traces , Another drawing technique fears line weight. As properly as demarcating different items , lines can help stress shadows. Thicker lines can easily fade and disappear to the shadows, which can assist convey the 3D kind , explains Chiu.

Mix up covering techniques, There are plenty of different pencil sketching techniques relating to covering . Chiu uses two major approaches. The first is definitely with all the outlines going in the identical direction. `This makes our shading appear more natural, and helps my information pop out from typically the lines I`m using regarding shading, he explains. The particular second method involves doing work in patches of covering , to help define condition . Patches of lines circumvent the form, which aid keep things in point of view , he says. This system is likewise great for backgrounds in addition to creating texture.

Use a stump intended for soft blending, How an individual blend your work can easily have a big influence on the final result. Intended for a soft blended impact , try a blending stump. After each light part , I very gently combine the coloured pencils along with the stump, says US-based artist Jennifer Healy. No longer push too hard or perhaps the colour will keep , making it tougher in order to softly blend. I do it again this process as frequently when i need. After several layers it produces some sort of very soft and fragile look. This technique needs a little trial and problem , though. Healy warns of which if you blend also softly, the stump could pick up colour of which you`ve already layered for the paper.

Utilize the proper grip, The first action is always to master how in order to hold a pencil effectively . Chiu recommends holding the particular pencil just like you could the piece of charcoal, in addition to taking advantage of typically the side of the guide to draw, rather as compared to the point. This allows maintain the pencil sharper with regard to longer. When covering huge areas, I shade using my pencil perpendicular in order to the line I`m pulling to get wide, very soft lines, he adds. With regard to details, I hold my personal pencil parallel to our lines to get razor-sharp , narrow marks. The just time I use typically the thing is when I`m working on intricate particulars

Draw on your very own experiences, Dip into your own experiences to add an unique layer of authenticity for your piece, suggests Healy. What this means is using something like some sort of memory, feeling or smell when building your work. Regarding example, the special sense you experienced when seated down with a good friend at the coffee shop, or perhaps a memory of your the child years experience. You can get abstract or use hyperrealism. Anything you choose makes typically the piece unique to a person . I`ve found that individuals resonate with these items the most.

Master mixing up , Healy has a certain process for blending your ex coloured pencil work. The girl depends on an description , to check the kind is proper before doing to coloured pencil (it`s much harder to clear off coloured-in areas than a great outline). It also allows her plan where typically the highlights and shadows can fall. She then creates up colour using delicate layers. I love to be able to start out with smooth gentle layers to acquire a better notion of illumination placement, shadows along with the color palette, she says. Following each layer she combines gently using the blending together stump. Once she offers reached a stage she`s happy with, she goes on to the last step: adding an put together . For this final part , Healy uses coloured pencils alone, and does not necessarily blend with a stump.

Beyond that will , different artists have diverse approaches to lines : you need to discover the style that`s best for you. I choose to use a specific outline in my a muslim , be it using thin traces or bold outlines, ` says Healy. It can easily help pinpoint the audience`s eye to a specific area. In addition, it gives some sort of stylised look, if that will is what you are usually hoping to achieve. Chiu, however, prefers a various approach. I try to be able to avoid outlining my images because this tends to be able to make things look smooth and deadens the 3 DIMENSIONAL effect. Breaks and areas in my lines demonstrate form in the lighting and shadows.

Use contrasting concepts, One particular drawing technique Healy makes use of in her work is usually to use contrasting ideas within a piece regarding work, for instance, juxtaposing beauty and ugliness. I will use the beauty associated with colours, flowers, the soft qualities of skin or locks , as well as the female form. Items also tend to employ something which is opposite in order to all of that, for instance bones, insects, sharp the teeth , or anything that may possibly provide discomfort to the particular viewer, she elaborates. `Somehow this provides an appealing strategy to a piece. In particular when the `ugly` parts substantially harder to spot from first. To me this is the very stark representation regarding what life is just like

Break free from your comfort zone, Although these pencil drawing strategies should help you recognize the essentials in the channel , sometimes you need to be able to toss the rules out there of the window in order to find what works for a person . There`s nothing wrong along with stepping outside of the particular box if it signifies achieving the effect a person want, says Healy. Learning from mistakes will occur when a person step outside of that will box. But don`t get intimidated! The process is definitely entirely fun.

Know when should you prevent , The majority of performers tend to tinker with their own work - even right after they`ve signed their label . I can always get something to change when I look hard good enough , so it can get difficult to inform when some sort of piece is truly done , says Chiu. However, be skeptical of overworking your item . `Eventually, I make a new conscious decision to place my drawing away in addition to start something new, they continues. `That`s when My partner and i consider my drawing carried out

Unify your shades , Having an uniform method to colour will assist deliver cohesiveness to your function . It`s a good thought to make sure of which your artwork has unifying colours, says Healy. `This consists of a specific colour palette, mood plus a way of spreading these kinds of throughout the entire art part . In addition, she implies creating a harmonious foundation by using tinted papers or adding a backdrop wash of colour (in paint). This will present through whatever you take a nap on top of that , thus giving it a great appearance of cohesion. Whenever I use coloured pencils, I`m fond of applying tinted paper produced by simply Kraft.

Categorise your current fabric, Von Reuden points out how one can add value and even shading to create additional layers of depth plus weight. He admits that will , when drawing and re-creating fabric, the types involving wrinkles created can just about all be placed under about three separate categories: hanging/relaxed, stretched/tension, and scrunched/compressed. Hanging cloth tends to be shed and have a going appearance. Stretched fabric makes long lines, usually along with a point of help . Compressed fabrics bunch straight into each other, creating scrunched-looking areas.

Start off lightly and build by there, While i start pulling , I plan and check out using loose lines, in addition to avoid committing ahead of time together with hard, dark lines, claims Chiu. As I advance my lines will modify , so checking and rechecking my work is important . I darken my traces and add details with the end. I do not give attention to one area with regard to too long to avoid overdrawing. Begin with an underdrawing, Artist Tim von Reuden likes to start along with a digital underdrawing that will he prints at a single per cent Opacity. Over , you will see the underdrawing associated with his sketch of some sort of woman holding a personnel . He explains, I like to keep it mild so that it provides a foundation rather than a new final image.


IMAGE COLLECTIONS : Drawing A Face In Proportion

Proportions of the head illus 3Proportions of the faceFace proportions 5FaceLoomis approach to drawing headsHow to draw a face step 2It is helpful to know that the width of a face is generally five eyes or a little less the distance between the eyes is equal to one eyeDrawing female head proportions427x294 proportions for drawing portraits so very helpful