Face Proportions For Drawing

November 18, 2018 6:36 am by theundertown
Proportions of the face
How to draw faces worksheet facial proportions notes
Face Proportions For Drawing

Using this simpler approach, the first step is to draw a circle to represent the cranium. Next, a line can be drawn to determine the length of the face (Step 1). For most faces, this line should be approximately double the length of the original circle. Next, lines are drawn from the bottom of that line to the edges of the circle creating the shape of the face (Step 2). From here, we can locate the positions of the facial features.

The Loomis method can be applied to drawing a head from observation as well, but some find it a bit cumbersome. Luckily, there is a simpler approach. This formula should be used to help you see and compare. In each stage of the formula, analyze each feature and draw what you see. The result will be a representational portrait of the person you are drawing with all of the features in the right place.

Learn How to Draw a Realistic Face Step 1: Start with a circle

Whether or not the proportions turn out to match those on your model, the attention you pay to them will lead to the same desired result: a more accurate drawing. These measurements are also very useful to know in order to draw portraits from memory or imagination.

If you’re wanting to learn even more on drawing faces with HD video and ebooks, be sure to check out the modules that are part of “The Secrets to Drawing Video Course” 

Next, we’ll concentrate on the eyes. To find the overall width of the eyes, draw five oval shapes across the eye line. Most faces are about “five eyes” wide. Obviously, people only have two eyes.  The “five eyes” just help to determine the width of the eyes (Step 4).

Lastly, shading is added to develop the illusion of form (Step 14).

Modules 21 – 26 are devoted to drawing faces and include an in-depth look at each of the facial features.

HB Pencil Ruler Sakura Electronic Eraser Kneaded Eraser Canson Recycled Sketch Paper

Andrew Loomis is revered for his step by step approach to drawing heads. His approach divides the head into manageable geometric shapes. Each feature on the face has a specific location relative to the geometric configuration set up in the early stages of the drawing process. Because this method is so accurate, it’s great to use for drawing a head from imagination.

Draw a large circle and make a horizontal line below it for the chin. Then sketch the jawline. Draw a vertical line down the center of the face and make sure both sides of the face are symmetrical.

Surprised? I still remember being surprised the first time this was pointed out to me! Once I became aware of this proportion, it seemed like such an obvious measurement to notice.This is a perfect example of how easy it is for these so-called “”more obvious”” elements to become lost in the complexities of the face. The good news is that once you see them, it is difficult to remember a time when you couldn’t!Every time you learn an element of head construction, it will be that much easier to notice it the next time you observe your subject.

How to Draw a Head From Imagination – Andrew Loomis Approach

There are many formulas that one can adapt to draw the facial features in the correct location. There’s a simple approach – one that I first learned and is great for beginners. Then there is the more complex approach using illustrator, Andrew Loomis’ guidelines.

Here’s a look at a face and head drawn from imagination using the Loomis approach combined with a simpler approach which we discuss a little further down this page. All of the relationships and proportions are identified with the guidelines discussed.

The length of the face is determined by the distance from the brow line to the nose line. This distance is extended down from the nose line to find the location of the chin (yellow). So, the distance from the brow line to the nose line is the same distance from the nose line to the chin. The jaw connects to the head at the center intersection of the square or the ellipse – depending on the view.

In the following video, we’ll take a look at an adapted approach to drawing a head using Loomis’ configuration. This is a simplified version of his method as outlined in his book .

Next, we’ll determine the location of the nose.  Again this is easy because the bottom of the nose will exist on a line exactly in the middle of the eye line and the bottom of the chin.

The Center Line and Line 2 mark the general boundaries for each ear.

Ruler Method: Make a ruler beside your drawing that is the same height. The ruler should be marked so there are 8 equal spaces. Always start with the center line. Draw faint lines through the face on the markings labelled CENTER LINE, 2, 3, A, and C. As you get used to this, you won’t need to draw the ruler on the side.

Once we have the ears in place, we can add the eye brows. We’ll use the tops of the ears to make comparisons. For most people, the brow line aligns with the tops of the ears (Step 11).

This means that recesses around the eyes, under the nose, bottom lip, and chin are mostly shaded with darker values. Areas that protrude, such as the nose, cheek bones, chin, and lower lip consist mostly of lighter values.

Draw the upper hairline somewhere in between line A and B. It’s up to you how large you want the forehead to be. To draw a receding hairline, go above line A. When you’re drawing a man’s face, bring in hair from the sides of the head to create a solid and visible looking hairline.

On the face, mark the center line with 4 ticks spread equally apart. The eyes will sit roughly on this line. Don’t be afraid to move slightly above or below the line, since eyes are usually slanted. If you want to draw more mysterious manly eyes, click here.

As always, you don’t need to stick to the exact guidelines above. Learn how to draw heads using the basic guidelines and then mix and match facial features and face proportions.

Once we know the width of the nose, we can draw it in place (Step 7).

The following video demonstrates how to draw the face in profile or from the side (this is also an older video, but still helpful)…

F R E E  D O W N L O A D At the end of this article, get the Essential Proportions of the Face Infographic to use as a reminder of these basic proportions!

No Ruler Method: Without the ruler, I draw lines in this order: CENTER LINE, 2, 3, B, A, C (B is included because it’s easier to break the forehead section in half first, especially when you’re drawing freehand). This is the method I use to draw heads all the time.

To better understand how light behaves, we can consider the planes of the head and face. By breaking the face down into simple planes, we can better comprehend how light behaves.

Drawing a portrait is very much like drawing any other subject matter. You have to closely observe the subject in order to draw it accurately. Of course portrait drawing is especially delicate because the goal is to make the portrait resemble the subject closely.

For more on the Loomis method for drawing heads, check out Module 4 from the “Portrait Drawing The Smart Way” course or you can check out his book here .

If you love RapidFireArt tutorials and want to support what I do, check out my Patreon page where you can support RFA and earn cool rewards at the same time!

Resources for Drawing Facial Features… How to Draw an Eye How to Draw a Nose How to Draw a Mouth How to Draw Ears How to Draw Hair

5 Proportions of the Face to Keep in Mind During Your Next Portrait Drawing

Many RFA readers have requested me to write a tutorial on how to draw faces, so here it is!

If you have an electric eraser, use it to quickly get rid of all the guidelines that run through your drawing. You can clean up certain dark spots or tight spaces with a kneaded eraser.

Extend the nose’s bridge past the eyelids to define the brow bone (this step is optional). These lines should be very light! Using a 4B pencil, draw the eyebrows along the brow bone. Facial features that can accentuate masculinity are thick bushy eyebrows!

The “nose” line is found in the middle of the “eye” line and the bottom of the chin.  When it comes to facial proportion, most noses will end at this line (Step 3). However, there are exceptions to every rule.  Some people have really long noses and some have really short ones.

Portrait drawing is an important skill for any artist to know how to do.  Drawing the face from the front view is one thing, but drawing the face from the side – or in profile view, is slightly different.  One thing that is important in both types of drawing is understanding the proportions of a human face.

Proportion #5: The corners of the mouth line up with the pupils of the eyes.

Do you find yourself searching for correct proportions of the face, wondering how on earth to find the line of the eyebrows? Where the bottom of the nose is? The placement of the eyes?There are so many elements to pay attention to when drawing a portrait that it is incredibly easy to become overwhelmed and, ultimately, stuck.The unique proportions that make everyone look distinctly like themselves present quite the challenge when we are drawing!

Extend the 2 lines where the inner corners of each eye are located. These guidelines will determine the nose’s width. Now that we have a box, it’s time to draw the nose. Click here to see my nose tutorial! Start with a circle, resting it anywhere between line 1 and 2. You can give your male character a more chiseled appearance by drawing the nose using very angular shapes.

If you’re not already a member, and you want to take a sneak peek at what’s inside, here’s a link to get a free video and ebook from this course…

Proportion #3: The space between the eyes is approximately the width of an eye.

I bet that most of us can relate to both of these quotes. We’ve all felt the pressure when drawing or painting a portrait to make it look exactly like our subject. Especially when that subject is a friend.

For some of us, the pressure is so great, we avoid portraits all together.It’s often hard to pinpoint a problem in a portrait. We can see that something isn’t quite right, but finding the solution or the fix can really throw some of us.

Often it’s a combination of issues that lead to a “less than perfect” portrait. Maybe something “is wrong with the mouth”.Even though representational portrait drawing is reliant on good observation and accurate mark-making, we can still follow a simple procedure that will lead to better results in our attempts.

Steps to Drawing a Face Using a Simple Approach

The “eye” line is in the middle of the face.  (Your eyes aren’t way up on your forehead, so resist the temptation to put them there.) A line is drawn to represent the eye line (Step 3).

Many people make mistakes when drawing faces because they don’t fully understand facial proportions.  Proportion refers to the relationship in size and placement between one object and another. 

This one can be tricky because the shape of the head is often obscured by hair. Visualizing a “headband” similar to the one drawn in the above image can be helpful in finding the shape of the head.

The mouth line is found approximately one-third of the way down in between the nose line and the bottom of the chin. A line is loosely drawn for its location (Step 3).

Now for the ears. We’ll extend the eye line out to determine the location where the top portion of the ears meet the head. They extend upward a bit and line up with the brow line. The bottom of the ears conveniently align with the nose line (Step 10).

Here’s an older video that outlines this simpler approach…

The shape of the hair is added next. In most cases, the hair extends off from the top of the cranium and may overlap portions of the forehead (Step 13).

The eyes are found in the middle of the head The corners of the inside of the eyes generally line up with the edges of the nose. The “mouth” line is about one-third below the “nose” line and the bottom of the chin.

This line represents where the top lip meets the bottom lip. The inside portions of the pupils or the iris generally line up with the corners of the mouth. The ears are usually found between the “eye” line and the “nose” line, but extend up to the brow line.

Now, we can figure the width of the mouth. This measurement varies from person to person, but for most folks, the width of the mouth aligns with the inside portions of the iris or the pupil. So, we’ll simply draw a line straight down from this location to the mouth line to find the corners of the mouth. We’ll draw a line here to indicate where the upper lip meets the bottom lip (Step 8).

To make it easy to digest, I split the tutorial up into 3 parts: How to draw a face from the front, side and 3/4 view. This is part 1 of 3. I came up with the original methods in these 3 tutorials by measuring over a dozen adult faces, so each tutorial carries over the same measuring techniques. Drawing faces should be easy as pie after you get the proportions down.

Click here for my in-depth tutorial on how to draw eyebrows!

Through this fun exercise, you will be able to draw faces faster with little effort, identify proportional errors when you revisit old drawings, identify what makes certain faces look more realistic than others, be able to draw cartoons, caricatures and more.

If so, please join over 36,000 people who receive tutorials and articles. PLUS get 3 FREE COURSE VIDEOS and EBOOKS!  Just click on the button below to add your name!Yes, I’m In

Learn to draw unique faces by experimenting with various eye shapes, eyebrow angles, nose lengths/widths, etc… Grab a piece of paper and draw as many faces as possible!

Before addressing the hair, we’ll add a neck. The neck extends down from the bottom of the ears. For females, this lines extends inward a bit – resulting in a smaller neck. For males, this line still comes in a bit, but to a lesser degree. It’s nearly straight down from the bottom of the ears (Step 12).

While these proportions will often be accurate, there is too much variation in faces to accept any one proportion as a rule.(Even in the above examples the proportions didn’t work perfectly!)We also would not want to rely so much on our knowledge of proportions that we become lazy in our observation of the model. These measurements are best used as points of reference to compare to your model.For example, if you know that the space between the eyes is usually one eye-width, check to see if this is true on your subject instead of assuming that it is.

We’ll first discuss Loomis’ approach, which is more complex, but more accurate. If you find that this approach is a bit difficult for you, you can skip to the simpler approach further down the page. Remember, either way, the goal is to create a convincing head so either approach you take is fine.

This beginners’ step by step tutorial is for a basic male face. The proportions are different for females.

Each module takes a look at drawing the face from both the side view and the frontal view.

Next, you’ll need to observe your subject. You’ll need to observe the lines, shapes, and values that exist on your subject.  Use your guidelines for the features, but pay close attention to what information exists on your subject.  It will take practice to perfect this skill.

First, we will need to determine where on the face to put the eyes.  This is easy because the eyes are in the middle of the head.  Draw a line in the middle of your first shape for the “eye line”. 

Now, we’ll determine the width of the nose. For most people, the width of the nose will align with the inside corners of the eyes. We can simply draw two lines down from the inside corners of the eyes to the nose line to find the relative width of the nose (Step 6).

Note: Remember to use a blunt HB pencil for these steps. I used a 4B so you can clearly see what I’m doing. Remember, the darker you go and the harder you press, the more difficult it will be to erase your under-layers/guidelines.

There are 2 ways to do this step: Ruler or no ruler. I highly recommend using the ruler method for the first couple of faces you draw. Why? Because doing this step without it can throw your proportions off like crazy. Especially if you have trouble locating the ‘center’ of an object with your eyes. The no ruler method requires you to split multiple sections of the face in half and then in half again.

Super SIMPLE Method: If it’s still a little confusing, check out my simple method here. It’s also paired with a video so you can see how I do it!

Using Loomis’ approach, the head is divided by geometric configurations. A circle is drawn first (indicated in red in the image below) and then divided evenly with a vertical and horizontal line (blue). The edges of the face, the brow line, and the nose line are all defined by drawing a square (orange). An ellipse is drawn instead of a square from any other view other than the frontal or profile views.

These individual characteristics can become less complicated when we tie them into a basic structure and simplify with a few guidelines. Here are five proportions of the face that can be easily memorized and used as reference points during the block-in of your next portrait drawing.

Then we can draw the upper and lower lips, knowing that the mouth is in the right spot (Step 9).

Take a look at the different faces I made below using rough measurements!

If you know the person, the pressure to produce accuracy can be daunting. But every artist, no matter what their skill level, should take heart. Even the most experienced and well-known portrait artists are presented with challenges. Consider these two quotes from one of the best portrait painters of all time, John Singer Sargent…“Every time I paint a portrait, I lose a friend.”“A portrait is a painting in which something is wrong with the mouth.”

Click the following link and hit the download button beside the printer icon to download the PDF: RapidFireArt Tutorials – How to Draw a Face in 8 Steps

Draw a vertical line down the center of each eye. This will mark the lips’ outer boundary. Click here for my lips tutorial. If you’ve already read it, place your triangle in the small box under the nose to start. If you drew the nose well above line 2, extend the triangle so the tip touches the nose.

Here’s a quick review of the general locations of the facial features…

When drawing faces, use these standards to help you get your facial proportions correct. Remember, you must look and study your subject. While these standards apply to most of us, they do not apply to all of us.

Home Learn How to Draw Learn how to draw a face in 8 easy steps: Beginners

The planes of the face change direction in space. These changes in direction produce different values depending on the location and strength of the light source. In most cases, the light source will originate from above. This produces areas of darker tone in locations that recede and lighter ones in locations that protrude.

Finally, we’ll add the mouth line. The mouth line fits nicely between the nose line and the bottom of the chin.

F R E E  D O W N L O A DGet the Essential Proportions of the Face Infographic(and access to the Members-Only Drawing Resource Library)!

I hope you guys enjoyed this tutorial on how to draw a face for beginners and found it easy to follow. If you have any questions or requests, leave it in the comments below and I’ll get back to you as soon as I can.

A side view pose follows the same steps as the front view, so the drawing may begin with a simple circle.  This circle will represent the cranium.  Next, a curved line may be drawn down the side of the circle.  This curved line will “hold” the features of the face.  The chin can be completed by connecting the line with one edge of the circle.

Proportion #2: The edges of the nostrils line up with the tear ducts of the eyes.

The ears begin on the eye line and extend up to the brow line and connect back to the head on the nose line. They are aligned with the center vertical line (blue) drawn in the second step.

The form of the face is developed though the use of value and tone. The relationships of specific values inform the viewer of the location and strength of the light source. It is ultimately the behavior of light on the head which creates the illusion of form.

Once we know the width of the eyes are accurate, we can draw them in the proper location (Step 5).

Related Images of Face Proportions For Drawing
It is helpful to know that the width of a face is generally five eyes or a little less the distance between the eyes is equal to one eye
Loomis approach to drawing heads
Sketch by leonardo da vinci
Face
Head face skull 8 faces to draw tips
427x294 proportions for drawing portraits so very helpful
The worlds largest hand engraving community facial proportions
How to draw heads different views of heads
Face proportions 5
Drawing female head proportions
How to draw a face basic proportions
Drawn adult and child face with comparison frames
Drawings developing a portrait
Side head blank drawing head
But always adapt these to the face shape of the person you want to draw for example in the above image theyve given the guy a round face shape already
Facial proportions reference guide drawing references and resources scoop it
Facial proportions
Images to help draw people
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