As you can see, I tend to move around the face as I render. For example, I might start with the hairline (which is often a nice soft edge to begin shading from), move to the cheek, then the chin and so on, without shading any one area to completion.I do this so that I have more and more values to compare, minimizing my chance of drawing inaccurate value relationships (not a clue what those are? Read about them on the Value Drawing page!).
Let’s face it, the form of the head is basically an upside down egg. No matter what the model’s hairstyle, there is usually an area of hair that lies flat on the head and reveals the form.It is this area that is particularly important to pay attention to, otherwise the hair won’t look believable, or the skull may look strangely shaped.
Throughout this drawing I will be looking for shapes, beginning with general ones and moving towards more and more specific ones. It’s worth repeating: The specificity of shapes is what creates a likeness.
Since this tutorial focuses on how to draw hair, I will go through rendering the face in only a few steps. For an in-depth step by step tutorial on shading the face, please click here.I begin rendering by massing in the shadows (remember: specific shapes = likeness!) From here I start gradating from the shadows into the half-tones. If you go back to the reference photo, you will notice that the left side of the face (the model’s left, our right), is generally darker than the right side. Another way to begin rendering is to put down a light value across the whole left side of the face before continuing to shade.
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Start with where the hair separates (often called the part) in the hair if you are drawing a person with loose hair, the hairline if the person has their hair pulled or sleeked back.
It is always easier to get somewhere when you know where you want to go. The same applies to drawing. When you have an idea of what you want to draw or communicate (whether it is a particular look, mood, anything), that goal will guide all of the decisions you make. That way, if you are ever unsure of what to do next, you can check in with your intention and it will help you figure out how to continue.
It can be helpful to visualize hair as having planes, just as forms do. In this example the highlight shape of the hair is the plane receiving the most direct light, and as the planes turn away from light they become incrementally darker.
Now that I have drawn the face, I have all the values to compare to that I could ever need. This is a good time to step back from the drawing, evaluate and plan my next steps.
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It’s a combination of talent, training and practice. But it’s more practice and training than anything else. With training and plenty of practice, you will eventually get you used to drawing complex shapes and styles, along with shading and highlights.
No tutorial can replace the amount of practice needed to draw well. Accept that it takes a lot of effort and time to learn and you won’t get frustrated so easily.
When learning how to draw hair, it’s important to remember that not only does hair describe the form of the head, it can be thought of as form itself. Just as there are many ways to conceptualize the head when drawing a portrait, there are just as many ways to conceptualize hair as form. For example:
You can use anything you’d like to draw hair, including pencils, pens, colored pencils, and charcoal. Pencils are great for those who are just learning, because they are the easiest to erase.
Shading the hair makes the hair strands stand out more, helping them to look more realistic. Realistic hair also has many layers and hair without shading will not make these layers stand out.
Don’t draw thick lines unless you want the hair to look clumped together, draw thin lines, but don’t try to draw every strand of hair. You won’t succeed.
F R E E D O W N L O A DAt the end of this article, download a free How to Draw Hair Infographic!
In art class you may have learned about value in art. If you change how hard you press the pencil down, you’ll get different shades.
This is where I will stop working on my block-in with line. It doesn’t make much sense to go into more detail at this point because I will lose some of my drawing when I start drawing in values. However, just because I am moving to value drawing does not mean that the block-in stage is over.
I used vine charcoal and a soft bristle brush to draw a flat graphic shape for the rest of the hair
If you squint at this image (one of the most effective methods of simplifying what is in front of you) you will notice that much of the hair masses together, showing us how close in value it is.The gradations in the hair are very subtle, especially when you compare them to the contrast in the face.To simplify, I will start with the most obvious values: the lightest and darkest, and work my way to the most subtle.
I bring this up because especially in this kind of drawing scenario, it is easy to get caught up in details just because they are there.Instead of becoming a slave to what is in front of you, let the goals you set for your drawing dictate the amount of detail you draw, and when your drawing is “finished”.For example: My tendency is actually to simplify hair, as I did in the drawing to the left for my previous portrait drawing tutorial. I have never actually drawn a portrait in which the hair is as important as it is in this current scenario. So, my goals for this drawing will be to:
After you draw a simple head and shoulders think about what type of hair style you want your creation to have then think about the texture and thickness of the person’s hair. You may want a curly style, which requires its own detail.
I have rendered the hair at the top of the head, using both the form and shape approaches discussed. (Notice that this is where the hair lies flattest on the head, revealing its form.)First, I drew the carefully observed highlight shape. Then I drew the shadow shapes, because finding the half-tone (or middle value) is easiest when you first have the two extremes: light and dark.Finally, when I was happy with the dimensionality of the hair, I drew just a few individual strands to create the illusion of texture. Notice how few strands I had to draw on top of the form to achieve the illusion of hair.Note: The left side of the model’s face (on our right) is slightly darker than the right side. To create the illusion that the hair and face are being lit by the same light source, the left side of the hair also needs to be darker than the right side.
Experiment with drawing more detail in the hair than I normally would
How to draw hair that looks like your model’s without obsessing over every detail
Learning how to draw hair makes me think of battling a dragon from a Russian fairy tale: you chop off one head and three grow back in its place. Okay, maybe not exactly…The point is that learning how to draw hair can feel like an ever-changing, daunting task because it varies so much from hairstyle to hairstyle, requiring you to be very flexible and creative in your approach. In this tutorial we will look at concepts to help you problem solve your way through all of your hair drawing sagas.
Add the highlights based on whatever angle you think the light is a shining from. For example, if the light is on the right, draw all the highlights on the right side of the hair.
I then drew the gradation under the chin, connecting the shadows on both sides of the face
This drawing scenario is quite challenging. How do you go about drawing the hair when it is as busy and detailed as this? Begin by finding the major sections of the hair by looking for:-Major value changes and high contrast areas-Changes in direction of the fall of the hair-Major shapes in the hair (more on this later)You can see what I considered to be the major sections of the hair below:
Figure out how to draw hair in such a way that the viewer’s eye moves through it, not getting “caught” in any one area
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Experimentation really helps. You can’t get it perfect every time, but you will one day. Keep trying and learning from the mistakes you make.
Make sure to relax and take your time so you don’t mess up. You don’t want to use a dull pencil, or a super sharp one. Don’t scribble! Take your time. Do one section at a time, making fine and dull lines, but make sure to leave a space between your hair lines to give it that hair shine.
Don’t make the hair identical on both sides as it will look too staged. Instead, make it slightly uneven. It should only be barely noticeable, not tilted! Use high-quality erasers to prevent smudges. Put a clean piece of paper under your hand so you don’t mess up the drawing Always sharpen your pencil before drawing for fine and accurate lines.
If you want to see if the face lines up, turn it upside down. Once you look at the picture don’t look back, let your creativity flow.
And, of course, I will show you the step by step process of creating the above drawing!
The form of the hair should be your top priority. Texture comes last.
As I continue drawing I look for “ribbons” of hair to indicate slightly, usually with a highlight and halftone.
For example, the light must look like it’s coming from the same direction and have the same intensity or brightness throughout the drawing.
I am working from general to specific as I draw the hair. For example, about halfway down the hair on the left, light illuminates all three sections of hair. In the step before this one, I noticed this and made them all the same, lighter value.In this step I looked more specifically at each section and defined the shapes with highlights and subtle half-tones. Notice that while they all look ribbon-like, they are not repetitive and each has a unique shape and curve of its own.
Where are the highlight, halftone and shadow areas on the form?
I am continuing to find and draw the dark shapes in the hair. This stage is still the “block-in”, only using value instead of line. Everything I draw is still tentative, subject to change, and there is really no rendering yet.Looking at the bottom section of hair under the chin: All I have done here is find the dark shape, find the approximate light shape with my eraser, and slightly gradate in between the two. I haven’t evened out the values, yet it is already starting to look like dimensional hair, especially when compared to the surrounding flat shapes.This is a strategy I will use throughout the drawing: finding the dark shapes, then the light shapes, and gradating in between the two to get the half-tones. However, before I continue I should establish the rest of the values in my picture by drawing the face.
I am keeping the darkest values and highest contrast around the face. I am purposefully keeping the lower half of the hair lighter because high contrast and dark areas attract the eye, and I want to make sure that the face remains the focal point, even with all of this distracting hair.
Most often I suggest to draw all block ins using straight lines. However, in this case I am drawing the hair almost exclusively with curved lines because I want to achieve a feeling of “flowing” hair right from the beginning of the drawing. When learning how to draw hair, one way to reinforce this flow and interconnectedness while improving the accuracy of your drawing is to look for rhythms. You can think of rhythms as invisible, curved lines that flow from one element of a picture to another, creating a kind of underlying structure that connects all the elements in an image.In the above image, you can see that even though my drawn lines are not literally connected, the blue line suggests how the eye might travel from one to another. In this way, you can make sure that every line visually leads to another line in the drawing.
To reach both of these goals, drawing every hair or curl that I see does not have to be a priority. Instead, part of my challenge will be to figure out how to design what I see. To decide which details are important to include and which I can simplify or leave out of my drawing. I want my pencil marks to be considered, conscious decisions.
Italiano: Disegnare dei Capelli Realistici, Español: dibujar cabello realista, Deutsch: Realistische Haare zeichnen, Português: Desenhar Cabelos Realistas, Français: dessiner des cheveux réalistes, Русский: рисовать реалистичные волосы, Bahasa Indonesia: Menggambar Rambut yang Realistis, Nederlands: Realistisch haar tekenen, العربية: رسم شعر واقعي, ไทย: วาดทรงผมแบบสมจริง, Tiếng Việt: Vẽ tóc thật hơn, 中文: 画出栩栩如生的头发
Touch up stray lines as you would with your own hair. Darken the hair and add highlights for a realistic touch.
No. Drawing every strand will take a very long time and it is not worth it. It could also make your drawing look messy. Instead, try drawing the complete body of hair, and then add a strands to make it look realistic.
Drawing the shapes specific to your subject creates a likeness. This is true no matter what you draw, whether it is a still life, portrait or figure.
Because the focus of this page is on how to draw hair, I’ll begin with the face already blocked in (drawn or constructed using line). (For a step by step tutorial on how to draw the face, please visit this Portrait Drawing Tutorial.)
The hair must have the elements of light on form (such as the highlight, half-tone and shadow), although they will often be somewhat obscured by the texture of the hair
For the most part, yes, as it will help you sketch out loose hair more easily. Even tied hair has a very slight part sometimes.
Draw loose, don’t stiffen up, the hair will look stiff, let your hand flow.
The lightest value can be left as the white of the paper, and the darkest value is just to the right of the face (our right, the model’s left).To take this one step further, when I squint at the model I notice that the darkest value masses together with the slightly lighter area of the hair right next to it, creating a distinct dark shape (that kind of looks like a dog at the top).
Thick hair normally comes in long, firm strands that do not frizz. Thin hair often is weaker and curls more easily. To draw thick hair, use a rather unsharpened 2B pencil in long, broad lines. Use a 2H pencil, well-sharpened, to make curly lines for thin hair.
You just might be wondering “I’ve mastered realistic bodies, but gosh! How do I do hair?” These simple steps with help you make your creations have realistic hair!
How do I do the shading? How do I get the lighting right, etc.?
How would you render the form? The way you would draw that form is the way you should draw that section of hair. Once the structure of that section is established, then you can add the illusion of texture by drawing some of the individual strands.
It is important to break up the outside edge of the hair so that it’s not one continuous line, or the drawing will look like a sticker on the page. Create variations in edge quality (softer and sharper edges) for the most believable effect.You can also draw slight gradations around a few areas of the outline, as I have done, so that the hair doesn’t end too abruptly. Finally, the contour is a great place to have fun adding flyaway hairs!
F R E E D O W N L O A DGet the free Step-by-Step How to Draw Hair Infographic(and access to the Members-Only Drawing Resource Library)!
Added individual strands of hair to reinforce the illusion of texture
Tips for designing hair that leads the viewer’s eye around the drawing
Evened out the values in the hair at the bottom right of the drawing
Hair can be thought of as various forms depending on the hairstyle. For example, some curls can be thought of as cylinders, and can be rendered in much the same way. Notice that both the curl and the cylinder have a highlight, halftone and shadow area. The core shadow on the curl is obscured by its texture.
Finally, you can think of sections of hair as ribbons that have a thickness and texture. To keep yourself picturing hair as form while you draw, ask yourself:
It depends on what you are drawing with. Pencils are usually the easiest to start out with, as they are easily erasable, and you can blend and shade smoothly and neatly. Pencils come in a variety of types.
A regular writing pencil is most likely HB, or #2. There are also B and H types. B pencils are soft, and the marks appear darker, however the pencil dulls quickly. B pencils range from B to 9B, 9B being the softest.
H pencils are hard and stay sharp longer, but the marks are lighter. They range from H to 9H, and 9H is the hardest. There are also F pencils, which are right in the middle. To make the illusion of different colors, make them varying shades.
Kneaded erasers help a lot.
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