There are estimated to be around 400 million dogs in the world. The life span of a dog is between 10 to 15 years. Dogs are able to healthily digest a variety of foods, including vegetables and grains. Dogs can discriminate odors at concentrations nearly 100 million times lower than humans can.
The frequency range of dog hearing is approximately 40 Hz to 60,000 Hz
Last thing: The drooping mouth is a very distinctive dog feature, creating that characteristic wide smile. Once you understand it, you can easily turn a wolf head into a friendly dog!
If the ears are stiff, they’re visibly pointed, with little fur inside. Even the furriest breeds don’t have as furry ears as wolves. There’s usually a “stop” in the forehead. Their eyes seem larger, with not so dark outlines.
Some breeds have floppy ears, which is unique in the animal world for adult animals. The skin around the mouth is very loose, so the lower jaw seems hidden under the upper lips. The corners of the lips seem drooping when the mouth is closed.
Now we’re getting close to a more classic “dog” look. The floppy ears of Labradors make them look cute and very much not-wolf-like. Cover the head and the tail to see the silhouette better—this is a very generic body of a dog, a good base for any breed you’d like to create.
There’s only one officially recognize color for Rottweilers, but a rare red variation does sometimes occur.
Add the body parts and draw the guide lines for the head. The head doesn’t need to be perfect—people recognize the breeds mainly by colors and proportions of the body. The subtleties of the face are not as important. For example, if you draw a “wolf” head with short, wide mouth, drooping lips and floppy ears, and attach it to a stocky body, people will recognize a Rottweiler.
You don’t need to draw all the muscles, just leave a subtle suggestion of them with seemingly random lines here and there. Muscles are also important if you want to shade the animal.
There are many beautiful color combinations for German shepherds!
The biggest difference between wolf and dog lies in the face. When you look at a wolf, “pride” and “intelligence” come to mind. In dogs that most prominent feature is “curiosity.” They seem to be more open to contact with humans (which they actually are) with a couple of features:
Keep in mind I show only a few popular colors, not all of them. German Shepherd
The most traditional colors for a boxer are tan and white, but it’s not the only combination:
Let’s take a closer look at these details now. The eyes are the most important here. As you may remember from the last tutorial, wolves (1) have a visibly black outline of the eye. Along with the black third eyelid (a thin membrane that covers the eye when the eyelids are closed) and a black corner of the eye it makes the eye look quite small. Dogs (2) have optically bigger eyes, with a bright third eyelid and not so dark outline of the eye.
This entry was posted in Step-by-Step and tagged Dog on May 2, 2010 by maple.
If you saw my tutorial How to Draw Big Cats, this should be easy for you. Dogs, in general, look a bit like a hybrid between a wolf and some big cat. They have muscular, proportional legs, and a harmonious silhouette. They have a well developed chest, and because the legs are not kept so close together, the paws can stay in line. Notice the head and tail position as well.
Strong, heavily built, with wide chest and jaws, Rottweilers are living proof that floppy ears are not enough to call a dog cute.
All right, but that was theory. Let’s see how to draw a dog step by step. I drew my dogs in SketchBook Pro, but you can use any tool you want.
Labradors don’t have many official colors: gold, chocolate, and black are all you can use.
Step 1: Draw two parallel lines to being the nose of of the Dog.
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The most popular color for a cocker spaniel is golden, but there are more:
And even if you’re a dog person, don’t forget to check out the other tutorials from this series: How to Draw Cats and How to Draw Big Cats!
The head has a long, sharp muzzle with slightly drooping lips. The ears are long and floppy.
The floppy ears may seem difficult to draw, but they’re actually pretty simple. They’re floppy for one reason: the cartilage on the base of the ear is not hard enough to support them. So just draw a pointed ear, cross it with a line on the base, and let it fall with the power of gravity!
Traditionally Rottweilers have their tails cut to a stump, but they’re always born with a normal tail!
This one has such a specialized body that it looks almost caricatural. Notice how close the torso is hanging over the ground, and how much longer the legs would need to be for a more proportional silhouette.
This is the end of this tutorial, but not the end of learning! Understanding is the first step to drawing beautiful dogs from imagination, but another step is practice. You need to draw a lot of dogs from photos and real life, applying the knowledge you acquired today to your studies.
Finally, add the colors and shading. In SketchBook Pro I used the Synthetic Bristle Round Brush to create a fur effect.
The fur around the eye is very important in communication. Dogs have very mobile “eyebrows,” often distinctively colored for a clarity of the signal.
Let’s continue with extreme body shapes! Greyhounds are like the cheetahs of dogs. Very long legs, a clear waist, and long, thin neck. The musculature is clearly visible and crucial to a greyhound look.
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Now we’re going farther away from a wolf look, but still staying quite close. German shepherd has more elongated body than husky, and it’s also been bred for a sloping back.
The difference is not very big, so if you don’t draw the paws in detail, just make sure to make them longer for a wolf and shorter/rounder for a dog. You can use this simple method to draw dog paws. It’s especially useful for small breeds and for drawing the paws from distance.
Monika Zagrobelna is a Polish artist with a specialty in drawing animals and conceiving of animals that haven’t yet been invented. You can check out more of her work and follow along with her latest tutorials on her Facebook Page and HERE on our blog.
Because there is no “default dog” with all the doggy features, we need to take a closer look at specific breeds to learn more about dogs. Of course, I can’t describe them all, so I’ve chose ten breeds we’ll analyze closely.
Here are some facts about the Dog you might find interesting.
Some dogs have been bred so heavily that they look like a wholly different species. Notice how the proportions of the body have been changed to fit a smaller size.
Let’s start with a breed that superficially resembles wolf the most. Husky has all the dog features we’ve just talked about mixed with a classic wolf look. So this should be the easiest to draw for the start.
Last time we learned How to Draw Wolves. Today… we’ll be still drawing them, because dogs are actually domesticated wolves! This means you already know the fundamentals of how to draw a dog, but we need to add some more information to it. This is because in the process of artificial selection dogs have gained special features that you won’t find in wolves. By learning about dogs in general, as well as the specific breeds, you can learn a lot about evolution and creating new realistic species in creature design.
Let’s take a look at a long-haired breed now. Despite that amount of fur, border collies look nothing like wolves. Notice the relatively short legs and long body.
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The head has huge eyes and ears, and a tiny nose, giving a chihuahua a very cute appearance. There’s a very clear stop in the forehead, and the muzzle is very short.
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Now, the most extreme case of them all. Chihuahua is a tiny wolf, the size of a puppy. To draw a proper chihuahua body just draw a “normal” dog body and add a big head with huge eyes it.
Start drawing the dog by following each of the 8 steps in sequence.
Disclaimer: This is a continuation of How to Draw Wolves. Please check out that tutorial first to understand this one fully.
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In this drawing lesson we’ll show you how to draw a Dog in 8 easy steps. This step by step lesson makes it easy to draw a Cartoon Dog sitting in one position.
Same with the head—it’s a fully dog head with all the features included: short muzzle, floppy ears, big eyes, and drooping lips going below the lower jaw.
Huskies can have similar markings around the shoulder as wolves, but their fur is usually not banded, and there’s a clear, sharp border in the pattern. Some huskies have beautiful, clear blue eyes!
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The head has a streamlined shape, with a very long, thin muzzle and only slight drooping. The ears are floppy and can get semi-erect when the animal is excited.
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Rottweiler looks like a “lab on steroids.” Strong, heavily built, with wide chest and jaws, Rottweilers are living proof that floppy ears are not enough to call a dog cute.
We didn’t care about the actual muscles in wolves in the last tutorial, because they’re so fluffy that this part of anatomy is not so important. However, dogs can have various types of fur, and some are so short-haired that you can actually see the outline of the muscles. You don’t need to memorize the scheme below, but it’s good to be familiar with it. Use it as a reference every time you draw a dog, and one day you’ll notice you don’t need it anymore!
Rottweilers have a round head and a short muzzle with strong jaws and heavily drooping lips.
Draw the final lines. If the breed is short-haired, draw the outline of the muscles with short lines. If it’s long-haired, draw “waves” of fur as you would with a wolf.
Another thing: Wolves tend to have bright eyes with visible pupils (but never blue). Dogs very often have dark brown eyes (3) that make the pupils invisible from a distance.
There are a few color variations for a border collie, with black-tan-white and black-white being the most popular. Bright blue eyes can also occur in this breed.
Boxers have muscular, lean bodies, with long legs and wide torso. Their tails are traditionally cropped as well, but there’s also a variation that’s born with a stump of tail.
When you look at a wolf, “pride” and “intelligence” come to mind. In dogs that most prominent feature is “curiosity.” They seem to be more open to contact with humans (which they actually are).
Boxers have a very short muzzle with an underbite—the lower jaw closes on the upper one in the front which creates a characteristic profile. The lips are very heavily drooping, making the muzzle look larger than it really is. Whole skin on the face is sagging, along with the eyelids that can reveal the white of the eye. The ears are floppy when kept natural, but when they’re traditionally cropped, they are very triangular and straight.
Chihuahua is a tiny wolf, the size of a puppy. To draw a proper chihuahua body just draw a “normal” dog body and add a big head with huge eyes.
Dogs can have very different paws depending on the breed. The general rule is that wolf paws look more “bony,” with the middle fingers clearly longer, and very long, dark claws. Dogs very often have pink claws, shorter and more hidden in fur. Because the middle fingers are not as long, the whole paw seems rounder. In many dogs the dew claw is also removed, because it’s not fully functional and thus prone to injury.
Cocker spaniels have a long, but also wide muzzle with drooping lips. The ears are very long and look even longer when covered with long hair.
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Start with a simplified skeleton that will define the pose. It’s good to use a reference for this step, or at least practice drawing “skeletons” from photos before you start a serious drawing. Adjust the proportions to the breed you’re drawing.
There’s not a single recipe for a dog’s body, but each breed is based on the same scheme. You need to start with the “bones”…
The muzzle is “sharp”, medium long, with only slightly drooping lips. The ears can be straight or semi-erect.
The head is also very much wolf-like, except the muzzle is pretty wide and slightly humpy. Notice the huge ears and the lips drooping more than in the husky.
Let’s take a closer look at the head. For most people this is the head of a wolf, but you should be able to see the difference: the pointed, not very fluffy ears, shorter muzzle, and big eyes without a wide outline. The round markings above the eyes can be very big and distinctively colored. The lips are drooping very slightly, so huskies are similar to wolves in this regard as well.