How To Draw With Illustrator

October 2, 2018 4:51 am by theundertown
Adobe illustrator tutorial how to draw characters
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How To Draw With Illustrator

The clipping masks created using Draw Inside retain the appearance on the clipping path unlike the menu command Object > Clipping Mask > Make.

Press Command/ Ctrl while dragging the handles of a smooth point, to make them inequal in length when you’re drawing a curve.

Highlights the anchor point located directly below the mouse cursor.

The Pencil tool lets you draw open and closed paths as if you were drawing with a pencil on paper. It is most useful for fast sketching or creating a hand-drawn look. Once you draw a path, you can immediately change it if needed.

The Pen tool and the Curvature tool display a preview of the path that will be drawn from the previous anchor point to the current position of the pointer.

You change the shape of a path by dragging its anchor points, the direction points at the end of direction lines that appear at anchor points, or the path segment itself.

As you drag, a dotted line follows the pointer. Anchor points appear at both ends of the path and at various points along it. The path takes on the current stroke and fill attributes, and remains selected by default.

Depending on where you begin to redraw the path and in which direction you drag, you may get unexpected results. For example, you may unintentionally change a closed path to an open path, change an open path to a closed path, or lose a portion of a shape.

With this checkbox enabled, while using the Pencil tool or the Brush tool, you can press Alt (Windows) or Option (macOS) to switch to the Smooth tool.

Anchor points are set down as you draw with the Pencil tool; you do not determine where they are positioned. However, you can adjust them once the path is complete. The number of anchor points set down is determined by the length and complexity of the path and by tolerance settings in the Pencil Tool Preferences dialog box. These settings control how sensitive the Pencil tool is to the movement of your mouse or graphics-tablet stylus.

Drawing a straight segment followed by a curved segment (part 1)

Determines how close your mouse or stylus must be to an existing path in order to edit the path with the Pencil tool. This option is only available when the Edit Selected Paths option is selected.

After you’ve begun dragging, hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (macOS). The Pencil tool displays a small circle () to indicate that you’re creating a closed path.

Note: When you draw a smooth point, the opposite handles are always equal and paired. Press Command / Ctrl while dragging the handles of a smooth point, to create handles that are unequal in length (pairing remains intact).

Option (macOS) / Alt (Windows) + click to continue adding points to an existing path or shape. Double-click or double-tap a point to toggle the point between smooth or corner points. Click a point or tap it and then drag the point to move it.

Click or tap a point and press Delete to delete the point. The curve is maintained. Press the Esc key to stop drawing.

To create a C‑shaped curve, drag in a direction opposite to the previous direction line. Then release the mouse button.

Don’t confuse corner and smooth points with straight and curved segments.

Continue dragging the Pen tool from different locations to create a series of smooth curves. Note that you are placing anchor points at the beginning and end of each curve, not at the tip of the curve.

A. First anchor point and its handles B. Rubber Band preview of the path between the first anchor point and the mouse pointer 

A corner point can connect both straight segments and curved segments.

The options, Paste, Paste in Place, and Paste on All Artboardshonor the drawing modes. However, Paste in Front and Paste in Back commands are not affected by the drawing modes.

Displays direction lines on all selected anchor points when you use the Direct Selection tool or Group Selection tool to select an object. If you don’t select this option, direction lines are displayed for an anchor point if it is the only anchor point selected on that path, or if the Bezier segment for the direction line is selected and the anchor point from which the direction line extends is not selected.

Drawing a curved segment followed by a straight segment (part 2)

In the Control panel, click Show Handles For Multiple Selected Anchor Points  > or Hide Handles For Multiple Selected Anchor Points .

Moving and resizing direction lines changes the slope of curves.

Paths can have two kinds of anchor points: corner points and smooth points. At a corner point, a path abruptly changes direction. At a smooth point, path segments are connected as a continuous curve. You can draw a path using any combination of corner and smooth points. If you draw the wrong kind of point, you can always change it.

Direction lines are always tangent to (perpendicular to the radius of) the curve at the anchor points. The angle of each direction line determines the slope of the curve, and the length of each direction line determines the height, or depth, of the curve.

The simplest path you can draw with the Pen tool is a straight line, made by clicking the Pen tool to create two anchor points. By continuing to click, you create a path made of straight line segments connected by corner points.

A path’s outline is called a stroke. A color or gradient applied to an open or closed path’s interior area is called a fill. A stroke can have weight (thickness), color, and a dash pattern (Illustrator and InDesign) or a stylized line pattern (InDesign). After you create a path or shape, you can change the characteristics of its stroke and fill.

In the Anchor Point And Handle Display area, specify any of the following:

You can choose to show or hide direction lines on a per-selection basis, or you can set a preference for direction line display.

In InDesign, each path also displays a center point, which marks the center of the shape but is not part of the actual path. You can use this point to drag the path, to align the path with other elements, or to select all anchor points on the path. The center point is always visible; it can’t be hidden or deleted.

Release the mouse button. When you move the mouse pointer across the artboard, a path is displayed indicating what will be drawn if you choose to drop an anchor point at the location of the mouse pointer.  

A. Opposite handles are equal and paired B. Cmd/Ctrl pressed, opposite handles are unequal and paired 

Using the Pen tool, drag to create the first smooth point of a curved segment.

To close the path, position the Pen tool over the first (hollow) anchor point. A small circle appears next to the Pen tool pointer  when it is positioned correctly. Click or drag to close the path. To leave the path open, Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (macOS) anywhere away from all objects.

To leave the path open, you can also select a different tool, or choose Select > Deselect.

Position the Pen tool where you want the straight segment to begin, and click to define the first anchor point (do not drag).

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As you draw, you create a line called a path. A path is made up of one or more straight or curved segments. The beginning and end of each segment are marked by anchor points, which work like pins holding a wire in place. A path can be closed (for example, a circle), or open, with distinct endpoints (for example, a wavy line).

Using the Pen tool or the Curvature tool, click once on the artboard to draw a smooth point, and drag the mouse to create the handles as required.

Enable Rubber Band for Pen Tool Enable Rubber Band for Curvature Tool

Applies a fill to pencil strokes you draw after selecting this option, but not to existing pencil strokes. Remember to select a fill before you draw the pencil strokes.

A. By default, smooth points are created for curves B. To create a corner point, double-click or press the Alt key while dropping a point 

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The vector objects you create using the drawing and shape tools in Adobe Creative Cloud are examples of vector graphics. You can use the Copy and Paste commands to duplicate vector graphics betweenCreative Cloud components.

The Draw Normal mode is the default drawing mode. You can select drawing modes from the Tools panel, below the Color Selector tool.

You can tell you’re close enough to the endpoint when the small x next to the pencil tip disappears.

Constrained straight segments: Hold the Shift key, and then use the Pencil tool to draw straight segments constrained to 0, 45 or 90 degrees. While drawing a straight segment, the straight-segment cursor () is displayed.

Unconstrained straight segments: Hold the Option/ Alt key to draw unconstrained straight segments. However, to draw a polyline path: Draw a line segment.  Do one of the following: Keeping the Shift or Option/ Alt key pressed, place the cursor at the endpoint of the line.

When the path-continuation cursor () is displayed, click the mouse button and draw another line. Keeping the mouse button pressed, release and press the Shift or Option/ Alt key, and draw the next segment.

For best results, drag from one path to the other as if you were simply continuing the paths in the direction they were created.

Specifies the display of handle end points (direction points):

Press the spacebar while closing a path to reposition the closing anchor point. Press Option/ Alt, and break the pairing of handles of the closing anchor point.

Position the tool where you want the path to begin, and start dragging to draw a path.

A dotted open rectangle like the one shown in the illustration C, is displayed when an object with Draw Inside mode is active.

Drawing a straight segment followed by a curved segment (part 2)

For a video on using the different drawing modes, see www.adobe.com/go/lrvid5209_ai_en.

This process converts the smooth point to a corner point by splitting the direction lines.

Controls how far you have to move your mouse or stylus before a new anchor point is added to the path. The Fidelity slider has five presets you can choose from. The leftmost slider preset (Accurate) is most accurate for drawing paths. The rightmost slider preset (Smooth) creates the smoothest paths. Choose a preset that suits your drawing needs best.

Double-click the Pencil tool () to set any of the following options:

When working with anchor points and paths, you may sometimes need to see direction lines (handles), while at other times they may get in the way. You can show or hide direction lines for multiple selected anchor points. For a single anchor point, the lines always appear.

The draw inside mode is enabled only when there is a single selected object (path, compound path, or text).

A smooth point always has two direction lines, which move together as a single, straight unit. When you move a direction line on a smooth point, the curved segments on both sides of the point are adjusted simultaneously, maintaining a continuous curve at that anchor point.

Reposition the Pen tool where you want the curved segment to end, drag to complete the curve, and release the mouse button.

A. Reposition the closing anchor point B. Break the paired handles to adjust the closing anchor point 

In Illustrator, you can show or hide anchor points, direction lines, and direction points by choosing View > Show Edges or View > Hide Edges.

Use the mouse to drop a point or tap to create a smooth point. To create a corner point, double-click or press the Alt key while clicking or tapping.

Use the Direct Selection tool to select the desired anchor points.

The first segment you draw will not be visible until you click a second anchor point.  If direction lines appear, you’ve accidentally dragged the Pen tool; choose Edit > Undo, and click again.

When the preview displayed is the path that you wanted to draw, click the location, and Illustrator draws the path as previewed.

After selecting an anchor point (left), direction lines appear on any curved segments connected by the anchor point (right).

A. Positioning Pen tool B. Starting to drag (mouse button pressed) C. Dragging to extend direction lines 

Click again where you want the segment to end (Shift-click to constrain the angle of the segment to a multiple of 45°).

Drag to set the slope of the curve segment you’re creating, and then release the mouse button.

After you click to create an anchor point, keep the mouse button pressed down, hold down the spacebar, and drag to reposition the anchor point.

To close the path, position the Pen tool over the first (hollow) anchor point. A small circle appears next to the Pen tool pointer  when it is positioned correctly. Click or drag to close the path. To leave the path open, Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (macOS) anywhere away from all objects.

To leave the path open, you can also select a different tool, or choose Select > Deselect. You can also simply press Enter or Return to leave the path open.

Curves are easier to edit and your system can display and print them faster if you draw them using as few anchor points as possible. Using too many points can also introduce unwanted bumps in a curve. Instead, draw widely spaced anchor points, and practice shaping curves by adjusting the length and angles of the direction lines.

Adjust the slider to change the display size of anchor points, handles, and bounding boxes.

Position the Pen tool over the selected endpoint. In Illustrator, a convert-point icon appears next to the Pen tool when it is positioned correctly. To set the slope of the curved segment you’ll create next, click the anchor point, and drag the direction line that appears.

Position the Pen tool over the selected endpoint. A convert-point icon appears next to the Pen tool when it is positioned correctly. Click the anchor point to convert the smooth point to a corner point.

Choose Edit > Preferences > Selection & Anchor Display (Windows) or Illustrator > Preferences > Selection & Anchor Display (macOS).

Drawing a curved segment followed by a straight segment (part 1)

You can tell you’re close enough to the path when the small x disappears from the tool.

A. Dragging a new smooth point B. Pressing Alt/Option to split direction lines while dragging, and swinging direction line up C. Result after repositioning and dragging a third time 

The Curvature tool simplifies path creation and makes drawing easy and intuitive. This tool enables you to create, toggle, edit, add, or remove smooth or corner points. You don’t have to switch between different tools to work quickly and precisely with paths.

A. Four corner points B. Four smooth points C. Combination of corner and smooth points 

Position the pen where you want the next anchor point; then click (and drag, if desired) the new anchor point to complete the curve.

Using the Pen tool, click corner points in two locations to create a straight segment.

The last anchor point you add always appears as a solid square, indicating that it is selected. Previously defined anchor points become hollow, and deselected, as you add more anchor points.

Reposition the Pen tool where you want the second curved segment to end, and drag a new smooth point to complete the second curved segment.

Reposition the Pen tool and drag to create a curve with a second smooth point; then press and hold Alt (Windows) or Option (macOS) and drag the direction line toward its opposing end to set the slope of the next curve. Release the key and the mouse button.

Vector graphics (sometimes called vector shapes or vector objects) are made up of lines and curves defined by mathematical objects called vectors, which describe an image according to its geometric characteristics.

When the endpoints of a path you are drawing are in close proximity and within a certain predefined number of pixels of each other, the path-close cursor () is shown. When you release the mouse button, such a path is closed automatically.You can set the predefined number of pixels using this option.  

You can use the pencil tool to draw constrained or unconstrained straight segments.

Continue clicking to set anchor points for additional straight segments.

To leave the path open, you can also select a different tool, or choose Select > Deselect.

Note: Rubber-banding is turned on by default in the tool. To turn it off, use preference setting: Preferences > Selection & Anchor Display > Enable Rubber Band.

Hold down the Shift key to constrain the tool to multiples of 45°.

A. First smooth point of curved segment completed and Pen tool positioned over endpoint B. Dragging to complete the curve 

When the preview is on, pressing Esc stops showing the preview and ends the path. This is the same action as hitting the keyboard shortcut P while working with the Pen tool (with the preview feature off).

To close a path, position the Pen tool over the first (hollow) anchor point. A small circle appears next to the Pen tool pointer  when it is positioned correctly. Click or drag to close the path. To leave a path open, Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (macOS) anywhere away from all objects.

The Draw Inside mode allows you to draw inside the selected object. The Draw Inside mode eliminates the need to perform multiple tasks such as drawing and altering stacking order or drawing, selecting, and creating a clipping mask.

Adjusting direction lines on a smooth point (left) and a corner point (right)

To create clipping masks using the Draw Inside mode, select the path within which you want to draw and switch to the Draw Inside mode. Subsequent paths are clipped by the path that was selected when you switch to the Draw Inside mode, until you switch to the Draw Normal mode (Shift+D or double-click).

Using the Pen tool, drag to create the first smooth point of the curved segment, and release the mouse button.

Position the pointer where you want to begin from one path, and start dragging toward the other path. The Pencil tool displays a small merge symbol () to indicate you’re adding to the existing path.

The Draw Behind mode allows you to draw behind all artwork on a selected layer if no artwork is selected. If an artwork is selected, the new object is drawn directly beneath the selected object.

A. Selected (solid) endpoint B. Selected anchor point C. Unselected anchor point D. Curved path segment E. Direction line F. Direction point 

A. Positioning Pen tool B. Dragging direction line C. New curve segment completed 

Alt-drag (Windows) or Option-drag (macOS) direction lines to break out the direction lines of an anchor point.

A corner point can connect any two straight or curved segments, while a smooth point always connects two curved segments.

To switch through drawing modes, click the Drawing Modes panel in the Tools panel and select the drawing mode. You can also use the Shift+D keyboard shortcut to cycle through the drawing modes.

You don’t have to position the cursor over the starting point of the path in order to create a closed path; if you release the mouse button in some other location, the Pencil tool will close the shape by creating the shortest possible line back to the original point.

Select both paths (Shift-click or drag around the two with the Selection tool).

Position the Pen tool where you want the curve to begin, and hold down the mouse button. The first anchor point appears, and the Pen tool pointer changes to an arrowhead.

When you select an anchor point that connects curved segments (or select the segment itself), the anchor points of the connecting segments display direction handles, which consist of direction lines that end in direction points. The angle and length of the direction lines determine the shape and size of the curved segments. Moving the direction points reshapes the curves. Direction lines don’t appear in the final output.

You can edit any path using the Pencil tool and add freeform lines and shapes to any shape.

Drop two points on the artboard, and then view the rubber band preview display the shape of the resulting path depending on where you hover your mouse.

You create a curve by adding an anchor point where a curve changes direction, and dragging the direction lines that shape the curve. The length and slope of the direction lines determine the shape of the curve.

When the path is the size and shape you want, release the mouse button (but not the Alt or Option key). After the path closes, release the Alt or Option key.

Determines whether or not you can change or merge a selected path when you are within a certain distance of it (specified with the next option).

A. Positioning Pen tool over existing endpoint B. Clicking endpoint C. Clicking next corner point 

Start on an iPhone or iPad, refine and finish on your desktop!

Download the amazing Adobe Illustrator Draw app from the iTunes app store (Available for your iPhone and iPad).

Reposition the Pen tool where you want the straight segment to end, and click to complete the straight segment.

Drag onto the endpoint of the other path and release the mouse button.

A. Straight segment completed B. Positioning Pen tool over endpoint C. Dragging direction point 

In comparison, a corner point can have two, one, or no direction lines, depending on whether it joins two, one, or no curved segments, respectively. Corner point direction lines maintain the corner by using different angles. When you move a direction line on a corner point, only the curve on the same side of the point as that direction line is adjusted.

In general, extend the direction line about one third of the distance to the next anchor point you plan to draw. (You can adjust one or both sides of the direction line later.)

Position the Pen tool where you want the curve segment to end, and do one of the following:

Position the tool where you want the path to begin, and drag to draw a path. The Pencil tool () displays a small x to indicate drawing a freeform path.

To create an S‑shaped curve, drag in the same direction as the previous direction line. Then release the mouse button.

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