Pencil Sketching Tutorial For Beginners

August 8, 2018 6:30 am by theundertown
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Pencil Sketching Tutorial For Beginners

Apply a masking fluid to your paper before drawing; the masking fluid will essentially block your graphite from reaching the paper. Then you can remove the masking fluid to reveal clean paper around your shading

So I finally decided to share some of my personal experience I learnt in years with sketching in this post.The ideas described in here are my own ideas and is shared on my own personal interest.

Get yourself a good pencil sharpener. A great choice for beginners is a manual pencil sharpener with two openings. Each cavity is suitable for sharpening the pencil to a different type of tip; this means that every pencil can be sharpened to multiple points, making one more versatile.

There are many great paid and free tutorials on the Internet for learning basic pencil sketching. I cannot recommend enough Alphonso Dunn on YouTube. His channel can be found here:…. Draw with Jazza is another. He can be found here…. Finally, I’d also recommend Proko on YouTube. Here is the link to his Drawing Basics series….

I suggest to go for a top to down drawing approach.Because here you will not have any chances of dirting or spreaing your already drawn parts.

Concentrate on what you are drawing.Observe well the picture or thing that you refer.Do not look things you draw as objects.Your perception should be it is a thing of black and white.Reproduce the same.Concentration is very important.

As a Pencil sketching artist myself, I keep hearing from people asking me to conduct classes on pencil sketching.Though I have not decided much about it,for time being I planned to write some basic tips for sketchers on the web.Keeping this in mind,the post is written mainly targetting the beginners.Before writing this post I was wondering,”do I really need to?”.coz,there are plenty of stuffs out there that speak about tips,techniques,tutorials on drawing and sketching.But after reading some of them and doing quite some research,I get the impression that they sometimes tend to confuse beginners with some great techie terms.

To make the soft shading shown in #3, you would move your pencil in a circular motion. By moving it back and forth with a light touch, you create a slightly different texture.

The grid method is often used to enlarge the drawing for a mural painting or a large artwork. This old method involves dividing the drawing into equal squares. Then, you compare and transfer abstracted shapes from the squares to the enlarged surface. This technique helps to see the comparative relationships between the objects.

In the sight method, you’ll set up your drawing pad right next to the subject itself, so you can transfer the object to the paper at an accurate size by measuring your object with a pencil.

Frame your work.For at least, file and protect your artwork.

You have put a lot of efforts and you got to protect it from dirt,tearing,spreading of pencil marks.A glass frame suites good for a big chart sized sketch and a lamination should preferrably do for a smaller sketch.

The negative space helps to find distances between the shapes. In the photo below, the negative space is the background around the cat, which helps you find the distances between the cat’s ears or toes.

Try to get a wide array of tones on your drawing ranging from very light to very dark. A true black is difficult to obtain with graphite because when the paper is saturated with graphite, it will glare. You can use charcoal in your pencil drawings to obtain a real black.

To block in the subject, make a simplified division between the light and the dark parts of a composition. Observe the light, how it travels across the form and where it turns to shadow. Sketch in the shadows first, as you can see in the sketch above on the left.

Soft pencils are great for shading the darks and the middle tones. The most common medium soft graphite pencils are 2B pencils, which are usually used for general outlines and sketching.

Choose the different pencils you need.I would suggest you to have one pencil which give fine sharp lines,one with dark wider lines and one normal.

Envato Market has a range of items for sale to help get you started.

Once you have decided what you want to draw,plan how your drawing should appear in the paper.Start carefully so that you get the picture positioned at the center of your paper.I have seen people who get to draw a good picture ,however they get it quite in the corner of paper and they would not be able to do a good finish.It finally messes up.So before you start,visualize and take care that you start correctly.

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What is a drawing without a sigunature?Go ahead and scribble your sigunature most preferably at the bottom right corner.Mark the date as well.

The quitters are person who give up easily.You got to believe your drawing is coming well.Anything half way looks ackward.And pencil sketching is not an exception.Thats where people stop or hurry to finish off.We usually hurry to put off quickly because we wanna see the end result of our sketch,how it is going to look.Thats wrong.You got to believe.keep going slowly and believe that your drawing is shaping well.Dont hurry to complete.Spend more time.The more the time you spend on a picture,the more better it is gonna appear.Draw for hours or weeks.Remember,I have spent weeks drawing one picture.

Use a sharp tool to make small indentations in your paper; when you draw over the area, the graphite will not reach the indented areas. This is a great method to make whiskers, blades of grass or to draw any other super fine lines.

They introduce some techniques which might not be of much help to the beginners.

Art produced with pencil can be classified into various categories.

Invest in an eraser. Even if your pencil has an eraser on the end, it will be worn down in no time. A soft gum eraser or a “big pink” eraser (like a pencil eraser but larger) are both good choices, and typically retail for $1 or less.

It can be a realistic pencil art,It could be a sketch(Which does not have many details in it.Its a kind of quick sketch,a rough drawing),It could be of line drawings,Storyboards,cartoons etc.

These come in handy when you draw uneven surfaces, like a leafy bush or a tree.

Crosshatching is simply two directions of hatching layered atop one another. The more strokes you layer, the finer and darker the area is going to be.

Even if you just washed your hands, there is always a tiny residue of oil on your skin that might go onto the paper and make the graphite more difficult to remove. For that reason, you might want to avoid blending with your finger. Experiment with different materials — tissue paper or cotton swabs works well for that purpose as well as stumps. Don’t throw away your stumps when they are dirty, as they can be used to apply a light layer of graphite.

Produce unique textures by placing the paper over an object and rubbing your pencil back and forth. 

For this approach, you’re only creating texture in a particular area. The type of paper you select (rough, with a bit of a tooth) is important. 

Hearing to some music will be helpful.choose a place where there is good light,or you may tend to strain your eyes.Whatever,ensure you get to focus and your concentration is not distracted.

Graphite drawings can easily get messy, so it’s always a good idea to use something, like a sheet of paper under your hand, to avoid smudging your drawing. You can also try to work from left to right if you are right-handed or right to left if you are left-handed to minimize the risk of having your hand going over an already drawn area.

Start with some basic objects.Move on to people( Refer my previous post on The Making Of A Portraiture – Sketching – Lesson I and The Making Of A Potraiture – Sketching – Lesson II ) ,Buildings,nature.Choose a good picture to draw which is appealing.If you could not fix what to draw,browse for some already drawn pictures.You get the advantage of learning from other drawings.Use it as reference.

I wanted to and have tried to keep it short as much as possible.Thanks for your patience reading this.Let me know if you like it or it was helpful to you.Any suggestions,queries and feedback is highly appreciated.

Different kinds of graphite pencils are available.Each give a different kind of effect on paper.

Barring that there are many great “learn to draw” books out there like “Drawing from the Right Side of the Brain” and “Drawing from Imagination” even the “Urban Sketching” books are great.  If you have access to a library take out tons of art books and use them to practice.

With few things to keep in mind,you are on your way to discover the piccasso in you.

Dont over streach yourself.Dont try to complete the work overnight.Enjoy what you draw and do it with passion.Be patient with art.Take breaks.You tend to keep looking a long time at your artwork and your mistakes might not be visible to you.Have a look after a break,You get the chance to find out if something looks odd in your drawing.

The blending of graphite works best with a paper stump or a small piece of sketch paper. Don’t rub the surface, however, because it ends up looking smudged. Strive for a nice and even application of pigment, which requires just a bit of blending. Blending tends to make all tones (values) look as the middle tone. Thus, it’s important to re-establish the darkest areas and to work on the highlights afterward.

In the long run the best way to learn how to draw in any medium is to practice and draw everyday. 

While pencils don’t make the artist, being armed with the best equipment sets you up for drawing success. 

Choose a good quality paper.A chart Paper or a A4 paper is a common choice.Choose the correct size of paper.The proportion of your drawing should match the size of paper..

Try to draw things by seeing them in real.Dont ever even try to do a tracing(Not even the so called “outline”).It dismisses your creativity and drawing skills.

The good thing about pencil sketching is, you dont need a great drawing kit.Just a pencil,a rubber and a paper will do.

Master the foundational drawing skills every beginning artist should know. Watch in BluprintFREE for 7 Days Get the Class

A graphite pencil and Charcoal pencil are the common mediums.

A gum eraser removes less pigment than a kneaded eraser, so you can produce depth.

Drawing with pencil is an accessible method of creating artwork at any skill level. It requires minimal materials, and even beginners have a strong grasp of how to use this medium.

I would suggest looking for a local adult education class that teaches drawing.  There is nothing like learning from a real human who can look at your work and give you suggestions.

Some artists produce energetic, rough lines, while others make deliberate, careful contours. The quality of the line determines how interesting your subject looks.

Do not to use any outline or borders in drawing.There is no specific outline or border for sketching.For example if you are sketching a nose,Dont try to begin with drawing the outline of nose.A good sketch has no outlines.(Refer to one of my Prevoius Post for more.Try to bring the nose through shading.This concept holds true for all drawings.And this is the key to a professional good sketch.

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Though pricier, the Faber-Castell 9000 Graphite Pencils also come in sets of different grades of hardness and have superior black, break-resistant leads.

The most important heart of pencil drawing is shading.Shading gives your artwork a three dimentional view.It gives the effect of light and dark,a more realistic appearance or in other words it brings life to your drawing.Observe well the shades and reproduce the same.Shading is nothing but darkening the place.shade evenly(shade in one direction).Ensure your shades should not reveal the pencil lines.use a paper to smoothe it(take a small piece of paper and fold it to make it like a cone.Using this fine edge of paper you can soothe the nooks of your sketch).Also dont overshade.That can sometime over shout at others or spread too much on other places which is not inviting.Some places needs more darker shades where some places needs a lighter shade.Identify them.

Comparative measurement involves seeing the ratios between the objects and using the negative space as a measuring device. For instance, an apple might be two times smaller than a vase placed next to it; a child could be three times shorter than an adult. In other words, you relate one object to the next by placing invisible comparative lines to demonstrate the relationships.

If you’re just getting started with pencil drawing, you probably don’t want to be drawing on expensive paper from the get-go. It’s a good idea to invest in two types of paper: sketch paper, which is cheap and ideal for testing out ideas and refining pencil techniques; and higher-quality archival drawing paper, which is thicker and has a gentle “tooth” ideal for graphite, for when you’re ready to work on a final piece. 

Sit in a comfortable place where you are free from distractions.Be away from people who keep peeping into the progress of your sketch every now and then.

Every drawing begins with a sketch. There are three main methods for getting the sketch just right which all involve extrapolating the information in front of you and using only what’s necessary, to relate objects to one another, understand the linear perspective and develop accurate forms.

By Sara Barnes, Veronica Winters, Jessie Oleson Moore and Sandrine Pelissier on May 27, 2018

Beyond pencils, make sure you have these supplies handyEraser

Hatching is simply drawing parallel lines to fill a space with value. This is one of the most common forms of shading and mark making. 

The see and draw tips described in here falls into the following category – realistic pencil drawings.

A kneaded eraser very effectively removes graphite from the page, allowing you to define highlights in your work.

Barring that there are many great “learn to draw” books out there like “Drawing from the Right Side of the Brain” and “Drawing from Imagination” even the “Urban Sketching” books are great. If you have access to a library take out tons of art books and use them to practice.

This involves is applying the pigment using the side of a pencil tip. Such soft shading is necessary around the highlights for a realistic appearance.

This technique is a very time-consuming type of shading, but it’s sometimes necessary to describe a specific texture. Some artists have the patience to do a complete drawing using the dots only. The more dots you place, the darker the value is — the fewer dots create a lighter value. By varying the strength, size, and number of dots, you can make a range of values in a picture.

Steps for creating a simple pencil drawingOnce you’ve practiced the various techniques and mark-making, you can implement them into a single drawing. 1. Sketch your subject

If realism is your thing you might want to check this out. A real structure to your practice makes a big difference Realistic Pencil Portrait Mastery

Another tip to find your mistakes in drawing is by seeing your artwork reflected in a mirror.The mirror image helps you in identifying the odds in your sketch.

Once you feel you are done with all,you need to do some final touchings.This gives your artwork a more professional look.Dont touch with fingers inside the drawing.smoothe out the sketch with paper.fill the background with some shades if it can add value to what it looks.Border your drawing.Erase out the markings or dirts.

Harder pencils are sharp and can be used for details. They’re easier to erase but more difficult to blend. You can use them for very light shading, but it would be difficult to shade a large area with a hard pencil.

Either of them will do.You can also use the combination of both.Charcoal pencils are of more use in places that requires a darker or more deep tones.

For a pencil that can create both broad strokes and precise lines, go with Cretacolor’s Monolith woodless pencil (included in this Cretacolor Silver Box Graphite Drawing Set). These pencils have a protective lacquer coating, are easy to sharpen and range in hardness from HB (medium) to 9B (extra soft).

Graphite pencils come in various degrees of hardness, from 9H (the hardest) to 9B (the softest).  H stands for hardness and B for blackness, so a 9H pencil will be very hard and light, and a 9B pencil will be very soft and black.

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