An IMPORTANT point here is that pencils, in all their variations, will CHANGE depending on the type of drawing paper you use. Drawing papers all have what is known as a “tooth” which is the surface texture of the paper –this can be rough to smooth. You can get a cheap smooth paper which is useless to sketch on. Try out various paper and pencils to start off with. Get QUALITY pencils only!
The higher the number by H, the harder the lead of the pencil — and the higher the number by B, the softer the lead.
Firstly… You should start with making an outline using lighter pencil like 2b …and then according dearken the other area of faces….like the ones where shadows are or where dummy areas are…using more darker pencils…. And then when you are finishing then use darkest ones like 9b or 10b on areas like eyes and eyebrows and areas which needed highlighting….. Hope this answer helped you…. Cheers!!
Types of PencilsThese include the Standard Graphite Pencils which is the commonest. There are also different types of Standard Graphite Pencils. They are usually labelled in the ranges of 2H, to 6B to show their Hardness or Softness.
Pencil artworks also include different pencil shading and blending techniques within pencil drawings.
While light outlines can be drawn with either a ruler or a free-hand, heavy outlines are drawn with free-hand. Personally I do NOT recommend using a ruler. You will not find the pros using a ruler –ever!
Graphite Sticks Pencils are made up of solid sticks of graphite. They can produce thicker and bolder lines; blocking in shadows and dark tones on a large space on drawing paper. A must-have for most types of drawing.
Pencils have a variety of uses– for arts, for pointing at things, and for poking and prodding where fingers simply shouldn’t go. I sometimes use a pencil to hold my hair in a bun if I’m desperate enough.
There’s all kinds of non-marking uses for pencils if you’re bored and creative enough!Here’s a basic summary: The harder a lead is, the less commitment you probably have to the next mark. Decide what you need based on your needs.
I typically don’t use hard (1H-9H) pencils unless I’m trying to do technical work– they make light lines that are easier to erase and tend to hold a tip for great precision. Despite the risk of pressing too hard and tearing the paper, I’ve used them to design products and draw out maps and family trees for my stories.
Anything that can change easily will be written with 1H to 9H pencils.The HB (sometimes #2) pencil is the test-taking standard, as several students can tell you. It makes a hard, black line that works where it’s needed.
B pencils have a special place in my heart. I love using them for note-taking in international language classes because of their erasable yet slightly darker lines when compared to F and HB. It makes me feel a bit more important/confident in a world of voices.
They are good for sketching and doodling as well, as evidenced by my Grade 9 and 10 mathematics binders.2B, 3B, and onwards are typically for art purposes. These pencils make dark, prominent, marks that stick out on a page.
I typically keep a 2B, 6B, and 8B pencil with my sketchbook, which come in useful when art teachers use them for life drawing. The softness lets your hands fly across pages. Graphite can be shiny and smudge-able– not too unlike their charcoal counterparts.
The downside? They break easily and tend to get graphite everywhere, while being virtually un-erasable. When you make marks with 2B-9B pencils, you have to commit.
How to Sketch: Largely, your perceptions of the life around you, forms your drawing pattern as an artist. To learn how to draw, you have to get a writing tool like pen or pencil. However, to be able to erase easily and make corrections, a pencil would be better for your sketches. I will show you wonderful ways to use an eraser effectively – eraser are not used generally for rubbing out mistakes!
Cross-Hatching is like hatching technique. The only difference is that the method of hatching is repeated in the opposite direction in a second layer on top of the first layer. Cross-Hatching can also be used to add darker shades to your pencil drawn portraits.
Pencil Artwork This is the simplest artistic media but with several forms. You can use almost any of the different types of pencils that are available for your drawings.
Back and Forth Stroke: This involves the moving of your pencil in a back and forth motion at a fast pace in the same direction. This technique can either be light or heavy. All you have to do is to alternate the pressure to have the strokes as either light or heavy.
Scumbling: This involves moving the pencil in small, circular motions in a compact form.
Charcoal Pencil cores are made of compressed charcoal. It is soft and produces deeper and richer blacks. Charcoal pencils are very good for impressionist drawings and quick sketches.
Next on the techniques is Hatching. This is a shading technique that can either be light or heavy. Hatching can be done by marking out small lines bunched together to create a fill color.
Stippling: This is also a shading technique but in sketching, the lines are very small, almost like dashes. Stippling techniques are usually used in sketching iris of the eyes, and stubble facial hair in a portrait.
The Techniques: As you learn to draw, begin by defining your outline which could either be a light outline for creating your guidelines or heavy outline that are used in the last instances.
We have a blog post that answers this question! If you have time, you can check it out here: Picking the Perfect Pencil Lead Hardness Grade
Watercolor Pencils are color-based. The lead easily dissolves in water. So, you can add separate amounts of water to your lines for more watercolor intensity. You can mix watercolor pencils with color pencils to add loud vibrant colors.
Colored Pencils that most artists use have a softer lead than regular classroom pencils. These leads are made of wax and help when placing colors on drawing paper.
This question is a bit open ended, so hopefully an open ended answer is OK.To start with the basics, designations like 4H, 2H, 2B, 4B, etc are just indicators of how hard the pencil lead is. The spectrum is usually read from B to H, such as 9B, 8B, 7B, 6b, 5B, 4B, 3B, 2B, 1B, HB, 1H, 2H, 3H, etc.
The further down from 9B to 9H you go, the harder the lead gets.OK, so B’s are soft, and H’s are hard. But how and when should I use each? This is where the question gets a little bit tricky, as there are many different reasons you might choose one hardness over another.
Generally speaking, harder leads are used for roughing out your drawings. When you’re just laying down a sketch or outline for a drawing, harder lead goes down much lighter (depending on how high the number of H), and is easier to erase afterwards.
Harder leads can also be used if very soft shading is needed in spots.Softer leads can be used for “inking” drawings, or darkening the final lines to a more finished state. B pencils are functionally the exact opposite of H pencils in that they go down on paper very dark, and are typically much harder to erase.
The softest leads (anything past 6B), can achieve a darkness comparable to drawing with charcoal.Again, the rules for which pencil to use when can vary quite a bit, and your choice will be especially dependent on what type of drawing you’re doing.
If you’re doing a gesture drawing, softer darker pencils (4B, 6B, 8B) are often the way to go as they glide across the paper quite easily and are far less likely to tear the paper if you’re moving your hand quickly.
If you’re doing a still-life drawing and are going for extreme realism, you’ll probably use pencils from across the entire spectrum in order to accomplish all the different levels of shading that sort of drawing requires.
If you’re just sketching or doodling, you can choose whichever you’re most comfortable working with. Some artists will make deliberate choices to use darker or lighter leads depending on how dark the subject is.
For example, when drawing a crow, I would probably choose to use something a little darker. When drawing a yellow bell pepper, I would maybe use something a little lighter.A word of warning when choosing harder leads: you should never have to press hard onto the paper to achieve the darkness you want.
If you have to press hard, you should be using something softer. The reason for this is that pressing hard (especially with a hard lead) results in grooves being formed in the paper, which will create noticeable white marks in your drawing when you try to work over them.
These marks are also virtually impossible to remove. So if a line is ever not coming out dark enough, do NOT push harder, simply switch to the next softest pencil and try again.tl;dr version: Pencils are like a number line, from 9B to 9H.
B means soft, H means hard; the higher the number the harder/softer the pencil is. Use H pencils when you want lighter lines/shading, use B when you want darker lines/shading.
Yeah just started drawing and realised use a h pencil to create , draw lightly and b to darken the right stuff…….. I’m going to use a 4h for practice and then 2b if it looks cool ……. That’s the best method for a beginner artist and helps a person be more playful if you’re using 2b onwards and doodling or playing even a single mistake will bring ur artwork down and will be difficult to rub h is easy to rub and by the end of your drawing u can just ignore the mistakes when using a b grade ………… Happy hunting